Effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on accumulation and translocation of selenium in winter wheat.J Sci Food Agric. 2022 Nov; 102(14):6481-6490.JS
Selenium (Se) is an essential micronutrient for humans and animals, but not for plants. Generally, cereals including wheat and rice are the main source of dietary Se for humans. Although arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are ubiquitous soil microbes and commonly develop symbionts with winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), the influence of AMF on accumulation and translocation of Se during developmental cycle of winter wheat is still unclear.
Based on a pot trial, the present results indicated that the effects of AMF on grain Se concentration in winter wheat depend on the Se species spiked in the soil and that Rhizophagus intraradices (Ri) significantly enhanced grain Se concentration under selenite treatment. Moreover, inoculation of AMF significantly increased grain Se content under selenite and selenate treatments. The enhanced grain Se content of mycorrhizal wheat could be attributed to (i) apparently increased root growth of mycorrhizal wheat at jointing could absorb more Se for translocating to aerial tissues and consequently result in significantly higher stalk Se content and (ii) enhancing Se translocation from vegetative tissues to grains. The present study showed that AMF significantly (P < 0.05) increased pre-anthesis Se uptake under selenate treatment and post-anthesis Se uptake under selenite treatment.
The present study indicated the feasibility of inoculation of AMF for increasing grain Se concentration under selenite treatment and enhancing the efficiency of biofortification of Se under selenate treatments. © 2022 Society of Chemical Industry.