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Correlates of bacterial vaginosis among women from North India.
Int J STD AIDS. 2022 Jun; 33(7):666-671.IJ

Abstract

Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most prevalent cause of abnormal vaginal discharge among pre-menopausal women and associated with adversities of sexual and reproductive health. The present study aimed to identify potential epidemiological and behavioural risk factors and clinical predictors of BV among women in Delhi, India. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess 283 non-pregnant women aged 18-45 years for BV using Nugent's scoring criteria. Information on demographics, sexual behaviours, hygiene practices and clinical symptoms was obtained and evaluated for their association with Nugent-BV status. Results: A positive diagnosis for Nugent-BV was made in 69 (24.4%) participants, 55 (19.4%) were intermediate and 159 (65.2%) were negative for Nugent-BV. Infertility (p = .02) and recent unprotected sexual exposure (p = .02) were strongly associated with Nugent-BV. On the other hand, women who reported regular use of condoms during intercourse were more likely to test negative (p = .03). None of the patient complaints, however, had any significant correlation with Nugent-BV diagnosis. Conclusion: Women in their reproductive years share the highest burden of adversities associated with bacterial vaginosis. History of infertility, recent unprotected sexual exposure and frequent use of condoms were correlates having significant associations with Nugent-BV.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Dermatology and Venereology, 28730All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, 28730All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.Department of Microbiology, 28730All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.Department of Biostatistics, 28730All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.Department of Biostatistics, 28730All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.Department of Dermatology and Venereology, 28730All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

35609319

Citation

Challa, Apoorva, et al. "Correlates of Bacterial Vaginosis Among Women From North India." International Journal of STD & AIDS, vol. 33, no. 7, 2022, pp. 666-671.
Challa A, Kachhawa G, Sood S, et al. Correlates of bacterial vaginosis among women from North India. Int J STD AIDS. 2022;33(7):666-671.
Challa, A., Kachhawa, G., Sood, S., Upadhyay, A. D., Dwivedi, S. N., & Gupta, S. (2022). Correlates of bacterial vaginosis among women from North India. International Journal of STD & AIDS, 33(7), 666-671. https://doi.org/10.1177/09564624221091743
Challa A, et al. Correlates of Bacterial Vaginosis Among Women From North India. Int J STD AIDS. 2022;33(7):666-671. PubMed PMID: 35609319.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Correlates of bacterial vaginosis among women from North India. AU - Challa,Apoorva, AU - Kachhawa,Garima, AU - Sood,Seema, AU - Upadhyay,Ashish D, AU - Dwivedi,Sada N, AU - Gupta,Somesh, Y1 - 2022/05/24/ PY - 2022/5/25/pubmed PY - 2022/6/14/medline PY - 2022/5/24/entrez KW - bacterial vaginosis KW - reproductive health KW - sexual health KW - vaginal dysbiosis KW - women SP - 666 EP - 671 JF - International journal of STD & AIDS JO - Int J STD AIDS VL - 33 IS - 7 N2 - Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most prevalent cause of abnormal vaginal discharge among pre-menopausal women and associated with adversities of sexual and reproductive health. The present study aimed to identify potential epidemiological and behavioural risk factors and clinical predictors of BV among women in Delhi, India. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess 283 non-pregnant women aged 18-45 years for BV using Nugent's scoring criteria. Information on demographics, sexual behaviours, hygiene practices and clinical symptoms was obtained and evaluated for their association with Nugent-BV status. Results: A positive diagnosis for Nugent-BV was made in 69 (24.4%) participants, 55 (19.4%) were intermediate and 159 (65.2%) were negative for Nugent-BV. Infertility (p = .02) and recent unprotected sexual exposure (p = .02) were strongly associated with Nugent-BV. On the other hand, women who reported regular use of condoms during intercourse were more likely to test negative (p = .03). None of the patient complaints, however, had any significant correlation with Nugent-BV diagnosis. Conclusion: Women in their reproductive years share the highest burden of adversities associated with bacterial vaginosis. History of infertility, recent unprotected sexual exposure and frequent use of condoms were correlates having significant associations with Nugent-BV. SN - 1758-1052 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/35609319/Correlates_of_bacterial_vaginosis_among_women_from_North_India. DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -