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Evaluation of the Effects on Uninfected Pregnant Women and Their Pregnancy Outcomes During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Beijing, China.
Front Med (Lausanne). 2022; 9:842826.FM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

People's lifestyles may have changed during the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have a profound impact on pregnant women and newborns. This study aims to assess the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on uninfected pregnant women and their newborns, including potential environmental factors.

METHODS

We retrospectively analyzed the pregnancy complications of 802 cases in the pandemic group and 802 controls in the pre-pandemic group in a matched nested case-control study, and evaluated the association with sociodemographic features, lifestyles, and other factors in 311 pregnant women with adverse pregnancy outcomes.

RESULTS

Compared to the pre-pandemic group, the rates of anemia, vaginitis, shoulder dystocia, and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth were increased in the pandemic group. After controlling for the covariates, we observed a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in the pandemic group. Pregnant women with adverse pregnancy outcomes had an increased rate of anemia and vaginal candidiasis.

CONCLUSION

COVID-19 pandemic has profound effects on adverse pregnancy outcomes, suggesting the importance of ensuring regular prenatal checkups and keeping a healthy lifestyle.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Beijing Key Laboratory for Genetics of Birth Defects, Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing, China. MOE Key Laboratory of Major Diseases in Children, Beijing, China. Rare Disease Center, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China. Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.Shunyi Women's and Children's Hospital of Beijing Children's Hospital, Beijing, China.Beijing Key Laboratory for Genetics of Birth Defects, Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing, China. MOE Key Laboratory of Major Diseases in Children, Beijing, China. Rare Disease Center, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China. Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.Shunyi Women's and Children's Hospital of Beijing Children's Hospital, Beijing, China.Shunyi Women's and Children's Hospital of Beijing Children's Hospital, Beijing, China.Department of Cancer Prevention and Control, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/ Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, China.Beijing Key Laboratory for Genetics of Birth Defects, Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing, China. MOE Key Laboratory of Major Diseases in Children, Beijing, China. Rare Disease Center, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China. Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. Shunyi Women's and Children's Hospital of Beijing Children's Hospital, Beijing, China. National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China.Beijing Key Laboratory for Genetics of Birth Defects, Beijing Pediatric Research Institute, Beijing, China. MOE Key Laboratory of Major Diseases in Children, Beijing, China. Rare Disease Center, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing, China. Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

35646987

Citation

Hao, Chongyi, et al. "Evaluation of the Effects On Uninfected Pregnant Women and Their Pregnancy Outcomes During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Beijing, China." Frontiers in Medicine, vol. 9, 2022, p. 842826.
Hao C, Jin F, Hao C, et al. Evaluation of the Effects on Uninfected Pregnant Women and Their Pregnancy Outcomes During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Beijing, China. Front Med (Lausanne). 2022;9:842826.
Hao, C., Jin, F., Hao, C., Zhang, X., Xie, L., Zhang, Y., Liu, X., Ni, X., & Li, W. (2022). Evaluation of the Effects on Uninfected Pregnant Women and Their Pregnancy Outcomes During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Beijing, China. Frontiers in Medicine, 9, 842826. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmed.2022.842826
Hao C, et al. Evaluation of the Effects On Uninfected Pregnant Women and Their Pregnancy Outcomes During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Beijing, China. Front Med (Lausanne). 2022;9:842826. PubMed PMID: 35646987.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Evaluation of the Effects on Uninfected Pregnant Women and Their Pregnancy Outcomes During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Beijing, China. AU - Hao,Chongyi, AU - Jin,Feng, AU - Hao,Chanjuan, AU - Zhang,Xiaofen, AU - Xie,Limin, AU - Zhang,Yawei, AU - Liu,Xuanshi, AU - Ni,Xin, AU - Li,Wei, Y1 - 2022/05/11/ PY - 2021/12/31/received PY - 2022/4/20/accepted PY - 2022/6/1/entrez PY - 2022/6/2/pubmed PY - 2022/6/2/medline KW - COVID-19 KW - adverse pregnancy outcomes KW - birth cohort KW - lifestyle KW - nested case-control study SP - 842826 EP - 842826 JF - Frontiers in medicine JO - Front Med (Lausanne) VL - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: People's lifestyles may have changed during the COVID-19 pandemic, which may have a profound impact on pregnant women and newborns. This study aims to assess the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on uninfected pregnant women and their newborns, including potential environmental factors. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the pregnancy complications of 802 cases in the pandemic group and 802 controls in the pre-pandemic group in a matched nested case-control study, and evaluated the association with sociodemographic features, lifestyles, and other factors in 311 pregnant women with adverse pregnancy outcomes. RESULTS: Compared to the pre-pandemic group, the rates of anemia, vaginitis, shoulder dystocia, and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth were increased in the pandemic group. After controlling for the covariates, we observed a higher risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in the pandemic group. Pregnant women with adverse pregnancy outcomes had an increased rate of anemia and vaginal candidiasis. CONCLUSION: COVID-19 pandemic has profound effects on adverse pregnancy outcomes, suggesting the importance of ensuring regular prenatal checkups and keeping a healthy lifestyle. SN - 2296-858X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/35646987/Evaluation_of_the_Effects_on_Uninfected_Pregnant_Women_and_Their_Pregnancy_Outcomes_During_the_COVID-19_Pandemic_in_Beijing,_China. DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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