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How Does Lower-Body and Upper-Body Strength Relate to Maximum Split Jerk Performance?
J Strength Cond Res. 2022 Aug 01; 36(8):2102-2107.JS

Abstract

ABSTRACT

Soriano, MA, Jiménez-Ormeño, E, Amaro-Gahete, FJ, Haff, GG, and Comfort, P. How does lower-body and upper-body strength relate to maximum split jerk performance? J Strength Cond Res 36(8): 2102-2107, 2022-The aims of this study were to (I) determine the relationships between the maximum dynamic strength of the upper and lower body, measured by overhead press and back squat 1 repetition maximum (1RM) performances, and the split jerk (SJ) performance in trained weightlifters and (II) explore the magnitude of these relationships for men and women to establish sex-specific prediction equations. Twenty men (age: 28.9 ± 6.6 years; height: 1.8 ± 0.1 m; body mass [BM]: 82.5 ± 10.2 kg; weightlifting training experience: 4.2 ± 2.4 years) and 13 women (age: 27.7 ± 4.4 years; height: 1.7 ± 0.1 m; BM: 61.8 ± 5.2 kg; weightlifting training experience: 2.7 ± 1.7 years) competitive weightlifters participated. The 1RM performances of the overhead press, back squat, and SJ were assessed for all subjects. A very strong correlation exists between the back squat and overhead press, with maximum SJ performance for all subjects (r = 0.97; p < 0.001). Similarly, very strong correlations were found for men (r = 0.90, p < 0.001) and women (r = 0.90, p = 0.0002), separately. The coefficient of determination indicates that the prediction equation for the maximum SJ performance is quite accurate (R2 = 0.94) for all subjects and men (R2 = 0.83) and women (R2 = 0.81), separately. These results provide evidence that the maximum strength of the upper and lower body are major contributors to SJ performance. In addition, SJ performance can accurately be predicted from the back squat and overhead press performances.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Strength Training and Neuromuscular Performance (STreNgthP) Research Group, Camilo José Cela University, Madrid, Spain.Strength Training and Neuromuscular Performance (STreNgthP) Research Group, Camilo José Cela University, Madrid, Spain.Strength Training and Neuromuscular Performance (STreNgthP) Research Group, Camilo José Cela University, Madrid, Spain. Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain. PROFITH "PROmoting FITness and Health Through Physical Activity" Research Group, Department of Physical Education and Sport, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Granada, Granada, Spain.School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia; and. University of Salford, Manchester, United Kingdom.School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia; and. University of Salford, Manchester, United Kingdom.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

35916745

Citation

Soriano, Marcos A., et al. "How Does Lower-Body and Upper-Body Strength Relate to Maximum Split Jerk Performance?" Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, vol. 36, no. 8, 2022, pp. 2102-2107.
Soriano MA, Jiménez-Ormeño E, Amaro-Gahete FJ, et al. How Does Lower-Body and Upper-Body Strength Relate to Maximum Split Jerk Performance? J Strength Cond Res. 2022;36(8):2102-2107.
Soriano, M. A., Jiménez-Ormeño, E., Amaro-Gahete, F. J., Haff, G. G., & Comfort, P. (2022). How Does Lower-Body and Upper-Body Strength Relate to Maximum Split Jerk Performance? Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 36(8), 2102-2107. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000004289
Soriano MA, et al. How Does Lower-Body and Upper-Body Strength Relate to Maximum Split Jerk Performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2022 Aug 1;36(8):2102-2107. PubMed PMID: 35916745.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - How Does Lower-Body and Upper-Body Strength Relate to Maximum Split Jerk Performance? AU - Soriano,Marcos A, AU - Jiménez-Ormeño,Ester, AU - Amaro-Gahete,Francisco J, AU - Haff,G Gregory, AU - Comfort,Paul, Y1 - 2022/06/01/ PY - 2022/8/2/entrez PY - 2022/8/3/pubmed PY - 2022/8/5/medline SP - 2102 EP - 2107 JF - Journal of strength and conditioning research JO - J Strength Cond Res VL - 36 IS - 8 N2 - ABSTRACT: Soriano, MA, Jiménez-Ormeño, E, Amaro-Gahete, FJ, Haff, GG, and Comfort, P. How does lower-body and upper-body strength relate to maximum split jerk performance? J Strength Cond Res 36(8): 2102-2107, 2022-The aims of this study were to (I) determine the relationships between the maximum dynamic strength of the upper and lower body, measured by overhead press and back squat 1 repetition maximum (1RM) performances, and the split jerk (SJ) performance in trained weightlifters and (II) explore the magnitude of these relationships for men and women to establish sex-specific prediction equations. Twenty men (age: 28.9 ± 6.6 years; height: 1.8 ± 0.1 m; body mass [BM]: 82.5 ± 10.2 kg; weightlifting training experience: 4.2 ± 2.4 years) and 13 women (age: 27.7 ± 4.4 years; height: 1.7 ± 0.1 m; BM: 61.8 ± 5.2 kg; weightlifting training experience: 2.7 ± 1.7 years) competitive weightlifters participated. The 1RM performances of the overhead press, back squat, and SJ were assessed for all subjects. A very strong correlation exists between the back squat and overhead press, with maximum SJ performance for all subjects (r = 0.97; p < 0.001). Similarly, very strong correlations were found for men (r = 0.90, p < 0.001) and women (r = 0.90, p = 0.0002), separately. The coefficient of determination indicates that the prediction equation for the maximum SJ performance is quite accurate (R2 = 0.94) for all subjects and men (R2 = 0.83) and women (R2 = 0.81), separately. These results provide evidence that the maximum strength of the upper and lower body are major contributors to SJ performance. In addition, SJ performance can accurately be predicted from the back squat and overhead press performances. SN - 1533-4287 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/35916745/How_Does_Lower_Body_and_Upper_Body_Strength_Relate_to_Maximum_Split_Jerk_Performance DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -