COVID-19 vaccination intention and hesitancy: Mistrust on COVID-19 vaccine benefit a major driver for vaccine hesitancy among healthcare workers; a cross-sectional study in North India.J Prev Med Hyg. 2022 Jun; 63(2):E219-E230.JP
The advent of an effective novel COVID-19 vaccine could extinguish the current devastating pandemic but the vaccine hesitancy is a hurdle for the public health system, so this study estimated the COVID-19 vaccination intention and hesitancy among the healthcare workers, the priority target group for the COVID-19 vaccination in India.
A web-based cross-sectional survey was conducted among the healthcare workers in Chandigarh, a union territory in North India, using a Snowball sampling technique. A total of 403 healthcare workers participated in the study between 2nd and 25th January 2021. The primary data collected were the intention to get vaccinated against the available COVID-19 vaccine and the concerns regarding the new vaccines. The attitude towards novel COVID-19 vaccine was assessed using developed Vaccine attitude examination scale. These questionnaire, which were delivered via WhatsApp, was filled by the participants over Google forms.
Among the 403 respondents surveyed, the majority (54.6%) reported they were definitely intended to get vaccinated against COVID-19, however, 7% expressed a resistance for inoculation with COVID-19 vaccination. The perceived susceptibility (aOR = 0.511, CI 0.265-0.987) and severity of COVID-19 infection (aOR = 0.551 CI 0.196-0.704) and not being concerned about the efficacy of new COVID-19 vaccines (aOR = 0.702 CI 1.109-26.55) were found to have the highest significant odds of intention to take the COVID-19 vaccine. The majority (62%) were concerned about the safety of the vaccine, in terms of side-effects, quality control, and doubted efficacy of the vaccine. The mistrust of the benefits of the vaccine is a significant predictor for vaccine hesitancy among the healthcare workers (aOR = 5.205 CI 3.106-8.723).
Therefore, strategic communication and vaccine-acceptance programs should be formulated in order to combat the prevailing mistrust on the vaccine safety and efficacy and attain effective coverage to gain herd immunity.