Active-intelligent and biodegradable sodium alginate films loaded with Clitoria ternatea anthocyanin-rich extract to preserve and monitor food freshness.Int J Biol Macromol. 2022 Nov 01; 220:866-877.IJ
The aim of this study was to develop and characterize sodium alginate films loaded with 10-40 % Clitoria ternatea extract (CTE) and apply to monitoring the quality of milk, pork and shrimp. Films loaded with CTE showed high light barrier capacity and improved tensile strength by 3.8 times over control films. The incorporation of CTE in alginate films improved the thermal stability of the materials due to intermolecular interactions and crosslinking of polymeric networks. The addition of 40 % of CTE generated films with antibacterial action against E. coli. The alginate films showed biodegradable characteristics in soil and beach sand in 15 days. The food simulant test revealed that the loaded films show good compatibility with aqueous and acidic foods due to the release of higher levels of polyphenols and anthocyanins. The films showed great colorimetric potential due to their ability to change color at different pH (pink-green), ammonia gas (blue-green) and sterilization process (blue-yellow). When the film loaded with 40 % CTE (F40) was applied to monitor the freshness of milk and meat products (shrimp and pork), its blue color changed to purple and green, respectively. Therefore, the F40 has great potential to be used as a biodegradable indicator of freshness.