Ultrastructural immunocytochemical localization of two hydatid fluid antigens (antigen 5 and antigen B) in the brood capsules and protoscoleces of ovine and equine Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis.Parasitology 1978; 77(2):143-52P
The unlabelled antibody method was used in the ultrastructural localization of two hydatid fluid antigens, antigen 5 and antigen B, in brood capsules and protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus and E. multilocularis. Antigen 5 was found in the parenchyma cells of the protoscolex and brood capsule wall and to a lesser extent in the walls of the flame cells and collecting ducts of the excretory system and in the surrounding interstitial material. It is suggested that, while some excretion of this antigen may occur from the protoscolex, it could also be liberated into the cystic cavity by degeneration of protoscoleces and parenchymal cells of the brood capsule wall. Antigen B was found mainly in the distal cytoplasm and perinuclear cytoplasm of the tegument anterior to the suckers. It is apparently secreted to the outside and was present in the brood capsule contents; it adheres to the anterior surface and the posterior periodic acid-Schiff (PAS)-positive glycocalyx of the protoscolex and to the inner surface of the brood capsule wall. The protoscolex tegument posterior to the suckers was negative. The parenchyma cells of the protoscolex and brood capsule wall were also positive although the intensity of the reaction product was variable.