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Acute respiratory infections in children under five years. Control project in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1986; 80(6):851-8.TR

Abstract

Control of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children under five years of age has been implemented as an integrated part of Primary Health Care in rural Bagamoyo District in Tanzania. Community supported Village Health Workers visited each family at their homes every six to eight weeks, giving health education on recognition and prevention of ARI, treating children with pneumonia on the spot with oral Cotrimoxazole or referring them to the next higher level of care. Within a two-year period the total under five mortality has been reduced by 27.2% from 40.1 to 29.2/1000 children aged under five per year. The disease-specific mortality rate for pneumonia has been reduced by 30.1% from 14.3 to 10.0/1000 under-five per year, contributing 40% to the overall mortality reduction. It is concluded that an active health service outreach programme, within Primary Health Care, can efficiently reduce high child mortality rates from ARI and other diseases. A similar approach will be used to tackle other problems such as diarrhoeal diseases, malnutrition, malaria and child spacing.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3603635

Citation

Mtango, F D., and D Neuvians. "Acute Respiratory Infections in Children Under Five Years. Control Project in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania." Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, vol. 80, no. 6, 1986, pp. 851-8.
Mtango FD, Neuvians D. Acute respiratory infections in children under five years. Control project in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1986;80(6):851-8.
Mtango, F. D., & Neuvians, D. (1986). Acute respiratory infections in children under five years. Control project in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 80(6), 851-8.
Mtango FD, Neuvians D. Acute Respiratory Infections in Children Under Five Years. Control Project in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 1986;80(6):851-8. PubMed PMID: 3603635.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Acute respiratory infections in children under five years. Control project in Bagamoyo District, Tanzania. AU - Mtango,F D, AU - Neuvians,D, PY - 1986/1/1/pubmed PY - 1986/1/1/medline PY - 1986/1/1/entrez KW - Africa KW - Africa South Of The Sahara KW - Antibiotics--therapeutic use KW - Biology KW - Causes Of Death KW - Child Health KW - Child Mortality--prevention and control KW - Community Workers KW - Delivery Of Health Care KW - Demographic Factors KW - Developing Countries KW - Diseases KW - Drugs KW - Eastern Africa KW - English Speaking Africa KW - Family And Household KW - Family Characteristics KW - Family Relationships KW - Health KW - Health Personnel KW - Infant Mortality--prevention and control KW - Infections--prevention and control KW - Mortality KW - Mothers KW - Parents KW - Physiology KW - Pilot Projects KW - Population KW - Population Dynamics KW - Pulmonary Effects--prevention and control KW - Research Methodology KW - Studies KW - Tanzania KW - Treatment SP - 851 EP - 8 JF - Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene JO - Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg VL - 80 IS - 6 N2 - Control of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children under five years of age has been implemented as an integrated part of Primary Health Care in rural Bagamoyo District in Tanzania. Community supported Village Health Workers visited each family at their homes every six to eight weeks, giving health education on recognition and prevention of ARI, treating children with pneumonia on the spot with oral Cotrimoxazole or referring them to the next higher level of care. Within a two-year period the total under five mortality has been reduced by 27.2% from 40.1 to 29.2/1000 children aged under five per year. The disease-specific mortality rate for pneumonia has been reduced by 30.1% from 14.3 to 10.0/1000 under-five per year, contributing 40% to the overall mortality reduction. It is concluded that an active health service outreach programme, within Primary Health Care, can efficiently reduce high child mortality rates from ARI and other diseases. A similar approach will be used to tackle other problems such as diarrhoeal diseases, malnutrition, malaria and child spacing. SN - 0035-9203 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3603635/Acute_respiratory_infections_in_children_under_five_years__Control_project_in_Bagamoyo_District_Tanzania_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/trstmh/article-lookup/doi/10.1016/0035-9203(86)90241-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -