Dynamic Changes of Volatile Compounds during the Xinyang Maojian Green Tea Manufacturing at an Industrial Scale.Foods. 2022 Sep 02; 11(17)F
Xinyang Maojian (XYMJ) is one of the premium green teas and originates from Xinyang, which is the northernmost green tea production area in China. The special geographic location, environmental conditions, and manufacturing process contribute to the unique flavor and rich nutrition of XYMJ green tea. Aroma is an important quality indicator in XYMJ green tea. In order to illustrate the aroma of XYMJ green tea, the key odorants in XYMJ green tea and their dynamic changes during the manufacturing processes were analyzed by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) combined with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). A total of 73 volatile compounds of six different chemical classes were identified in the processed XYMJ green tea samples, and the manufacturing processes resulted in the losses of total volatile compounds. Among the identified volatile compounds, twenty-four aroma-active compounds, such as trans-nerolidol, geranylacetone, nonanal, (+)-δ-cadinene, linalool, (Z)-jasmone, cis-3-hexenyl butyrate, cis-3-hexenyl hexanoate, methyl jasmonate, and β-ocimene, were identified as the key odorants of XYMJ green tea based on odor activity value (OAV). The key odorants are mainly volatile terpenes (VTs) and fatty acid-derived volatiles (FADVs). Except for (+)-δ-cadinene, copaene, cis-β-farnesene, (Z,E)-α-farnesene and phytol acetate, the key odorants significantly decreased after fixing. The principal coordinate analysis (PCoA) and the hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) analyses suggested that fixing was the most important manufacturing process for the aroma formation of XYMJ green tea. These findings of this study provide meaningful information for the manufacturing and quality control of XYMJ green tea.