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[Impact of primary dysmenorrhea on the academic performance of university students].
Enferm Clin (Engl Ed). 2022 Sep-Oct; 32(5):351-357.EC

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Primary dysmenorrhea has a high prevalence among the student population. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of dysmenorrhea, its severity and its impact on academic performance in Mexican university students.

METHODS

Cross-sectional study. An anonymous multiple-choice questionnaire was applied in class hours in the classrooms. The visual pain scale (VAS) was used for the measurement of pain. A descriptive and inferential analysis of the variables studied was carried out using the program SPSS® IBM.

RESULTS

A total of 2154 (n=2154) students were surveyed. The average age of the women was 20.4 ±1.9years. The general prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 78.9%, with psychology students having the highest value (83.7%). The VAS mean pain score was of 64.0. The severity of menstrual pain in students was reported as mild in 9.0%, and moderate-severe in 91.0%. The VAS mean pain scores and intensity of pain of gerontology students were significantly higher than those reported by dentistry and medicine students (P<.05). Limitation of daily activities was reported in 90.4% of women, with medical students reporting the highest percentage (93.3%). Women reported school absenteeism in 37.0%, with medical students presenting the highest percentage (41.4%). The severity of menstrual pain as a risk factor (independent variable) positively influenced various dependent variables involved in students' academic performance (P<.05), including: stop doing their activities due to pain in 1 to 6 menstruations a year, minor concentration, absenteeism, low school performance, and lower grades during dysmenorrhea.

CONCLUSION

A high prevalence of dysmenorrhea was observed and it is concluded that the severity of the symptomatology significantly interferes with the academic performance of the participants.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Área Académica de Medicina del Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca, Hidalgo, México. Electronic address: mario_i_ortiz@hotmail.com.Área Académica de Medicina del Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca, Hidalgo, México.Área Académica de Medicina del Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca, Hidalgo, México.Área Académica de Medicina del Instituto de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, Pachuca, Hidalgo, México.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

spa

PubMed ID

36085001

Citation

Ortiz, Mario I., et al. "[Impact of Primary Dysmenorrhea On the Academic Performance of University Students]." Enfermeria Clinica (English Edition), vol. 32, no. 5, 2022, pp. 351-357.
Ortiz MI, Espinoza-Ramírez AL, Cariño-Cortés R, et al. [Impact of primary dysmenorrhea on the academic performance of university students]. Enferm Clin (Engl Ed). 2022;32(5):351-357.
Ortiz, M. I., Espinoza-Ramírez, A. L., Cariño-Cortés, R., & Moya-Escalera, A. (2022). [Impact of primary dysmenorrhea on the academic performance of university students]. Enfermeria Clinica (English Edition), 32(5), 351-357. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcle.2021.12.007
Ortiz MI, et al. [Impact of Primary Dysmenorrhea On the Academic Performance of University Students]. Enferm Clin (Engl Ed). 2022 Sep-Oct;32(5):351-357. PubMed PMID: 36085001.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Impact of primary dysmenorrhea on the academic performance of university students]. AU - Ortiz,Mario I, AU - Espinoza-Ramírez,Ana L, AU - Cariño-Cortés,Raquel, AU - Moya-Escalera,Adrián, PY - 2021/07/28/received PY - 2021/12/18/accepted PY - 2022/9/9/entrez PY - 2022/9/10/pubmed PY - 2022/9/14/medline KW - Absenteeism KW - Absentismo KW - Academic performance KW - Desempeño académico KW - Dismenorrea KW - Dolor KW - Dysmenorrhea KW - Estudiantes KW - Pain KW - Students SP - 351 EP - 357 JF - Enfermeria clinica (English Edition) JO - Enferm Clin (Engl Ed) VL - 32 IS - 5 N2 - OBJECTIVE: Primary dysmenorrhea has a high prevalence among the student population. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of dysmenorrhea, its severity and its impact on academic performance in Mexican university students. METHODS: Cross-sectional study. An anonymous multiple-choice questionnaire was applied in class hours in the classrooms. The visual pain scale (VAS) was used for the measurement of pain. A descriptive and inferential analysis of the variables studied was carried out using the program SPSS® IBM. RESULTS: A total of 2154 (n=2154) students were surveyed. The average age of the women was 20.4 ±1.9years. The general prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 78.9%, with psychology students having the highest value (83.7%). The VAS mean pain score was of 64.0. The severity of menstrual pain in students was reported as mild in 9.0%, and moderate-severe in 91.0%. The VAS mean pain scores and intensity of pain of gerontology students were significantly higher than those reported by dentistry and medicine students (P<.05). Limitation of daily activities was reported in 90.4% of women, with medical students reporting the highest percentage (93.3%). Women reported school absenteeism in 37.0%, with medical students presenting the highest percentage (41.4%). The severity of menstrual pain as a risk factor (independent variable) positively influenced various dependent variables involved in students' academic performance (P<.05), including: stop doing their activities due to pain in 1 to 6 menstruations a year, minor concentration, absenteeism, low school performance, and lower grades during dysmenorrhea. CONCLUSION: A high prevalence of dysmenorrhea was observed and it is concluded that the severity of the symptomatology significantly interferes with the academic performance of the participants. SN - 2445-1479 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/36085001/[Impact_of_primary_dysmenorrhea_on_the_academic_performance_of_university_students]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -