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From Organismic Biology as History and Philosophy to the History and Philosophy of Biology-the Work of Hans-Jörg Rheinberger in the German Context.
Ber Wiss. 2022 Sep; 45(3):384-396.BW

Abstract

In this paper, I ask about the broader context of the history and philosophy of biology in the German-speaking world as the place in which Hans-Jörg Rheinberger began his work. Three German philosophical traditions-neo-Kantianism, phenomenology, and Lebensphilosophie-were interested in the developments and conceptual challenges of the life sciences in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Their reflections were taken up by life scientists under the terms theoretische Biologie (theoretical biology) and allgemeine Biologie (general biology), i. e., for theoretical and methodological reflections. They used historical and philosophical perspectives to develop vitalistic, organicist, or holistic approaches to life. In my paper, I argue that the resulting discourse did not come to an end in 1945. Increasingly detached from biological research, it formed an important context for the formation of the field of history and philosophy of biology. In Rheinberger's work, we can see the "Spalten" and "Fugen"-the continuities and discontinuities-that this tradition left there.

Authors+Show Affiliations

History of Science, University of Regensburg.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

36086844

Citation

Reiβ, Christian. "From Organismic Biology as History and Philosophy to the History and Philosophy of Biology-the Work of Hans-Jörg Rheinberger in the German Context." Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, vol. 45, no. 3, 2022, pp. 384-396.
Reiβ C. From Organismic Biology as History and Philosophy to the History and Philosophy of Biology-the Work of Hans-Jörg Rheinberger in the German Context. Ber Wiss. 2022;45(3):384-396.
Reiβ, C. (2022). From Organismic Biology as History and Philosophy to the History and Philosophy of Biology-the Work of Hans-Jörg Rheinberger in the German Context. Berichte Zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte, 45(3), 384-396. https://doi.org/10.1002/bewi.202200018
Reiβ C. From Organismic Biology as History and Philosophy to the History and Philosophy of Biology-the Work of Hans-Jörg Rheinberger in the German Context. Ber Wiss. 2022;45(3):384-396. PubMed PMID: 36086844.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - From Organismic Biology as History and Philosophy to the History and Philosophy of Biology-the Work of Hans-Jörg Rheinberger in the German Context. A1 - Reiβ,Christian, PY - 2022/9/10/entrez PY - 2022/9/11/pubmed PY - 2022/9/14/medline KW - history of biology, history and philosophy of biology, Lebensphilosophie, phenomenology, neo-Kantianism, organismic biology, Hans-Jörg Rheinberger, biophilosophy, theoretical biology SP - 384 EP - 396 JF - Berichte zur Wissenschaftsgeschichte JO - Ber Wiss VL - 45 IS - 3 N2 - In this paper, I ask about the broader context of the history and philosophy of biology in the German-speaking world as the place in which Hans-Jörg Rheinberger began his work. Three German philosophical traditions-neo-Kantianism, phenomenology, and Lebensphilosophie-were interested in the developments and conceptual challenges of the life sciences in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Their reflections were taken up by life scientists under the terms theoretische Biologie (theoretical biology) and allgemeine Biologie (general biology), i. e., for theoretical and methodological reflections. They used historical and philosophical perspectives to develop vitalistic, organicist, or holistic approaches to life. In my paper, I argue that the resulting discourse did not come to an end in 1945. Increasingly detached from biological research, it formed an important context for the formation of the field of history and philosophy of biology. In Rheinberger's work, we can see the "Spalten" and "Fugen"-the continuities and discontinuities-that this tradition left there. SN - 1522-2365 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/36086844/From_Organismic_Biology_as_History_and_Philosophy_to_the_History_and_Philosophy_of_Biology_the_Work_of_Hans_Jörg_Rheinberger_in_the_German_Context_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0170-6233&date=2022&volume=45&issue=3&spage=384 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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