[Distribution Characteristics and Risk Assessment of Heavy Metal Pollution in Farmland Soils and Crops in Luancheng, Shijiazhuang City].Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2022 Sep 08; 43(9):4779-4790.HJ
In order to explore the distribution characteristics of heavy metal contamination of farmland soil surrounding Luancheng town, Shijiazhuang City, Henan province, the concentrations of As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Hg, Ni, Pb, and Zn in the surface soil and crops were determined and assessed. The principal components were also analyzed for source apportionment. The heavy metal concentrations in crops were further detected, and the non-carcinogenic health risks in the study area were evaluated using the probabilistic risk assessment method, as to provide a theoretical basis for the treatment, prevention, and control of heavy metal pollution in farmland soil in Luancheng. According to the results, ω(Cd), ω(Cr), ω(Cu), ω(Pb), and ω(Zn) in the soils were 0.06-1.08, 22.14-473.47, 12.83-150.74, 10.75-577.72, and 62.23-652.78 mg·kg-1, which exceeded the standard with over-standard rates reaching 1.83%, 1.22%, 0.61%, 0.61%, and 1.22%, respectively. Further, Cd and Pb were transported into crops, in which Cd concentrations exceeded the standard in some corn samples, and Cd and Pb concentrations exceeded the standard in some wheat samples. The total non-carcinogenic health risks (TTHQ) to the human body caused by the consumption of heavy metals in corn grown in the study area were all less than 1, with no obvious negative effects, and TTHQ was higher than 1 in wheat, increasing the likelihood of negative impacts on the human body. With the influence of the distribution of pollution-related enterprises in the industrial zone, heavy metal concentrations were higher in the south, west, and middle directions of the study area. Among them, the study area soil was slightly contaminated by Cd (Level 1). Cd and Hg had a slight potential ecological risk (Level 2), whereas other heavy metals had low potential ecological risk (Level 1). In general, most of the surface cultivated soil was not obviously polluted by heavy metals in the study area. According to the PMF results and survey, we speculated that soil heavy metals mainly came from soil parent material (52.05%), artificial pollution sources (historical sewage irrigation and industrial manufacture) (32.98%), and atmospheric deposition (14.97%). To summarize, the study area should be divided into a priority protection category and safe utilization category. The input of pollution sources should be strictly controlled for the priority protection category, and alternative planting, rotating, and fallow should be implemented for the safe utilization category to reduce the risk of standard-exceeding agricultural products.