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MIND diet lowers risk of open-angle glaucoma: the Rotterdam Study.
Eur J Nutr. 2022 Sep 20 [Online ahead of print]EJ

Abstract

PURPOSE

To assess the association between the Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet and the incidence of open-angle glaucoma (iOAG), as well as the association between iOAG and two other well-established diets in the Netherlands, i.e., the Mediterranean diet and Dutch dietary guidelines.

METHODS

In the Rotterdam Study, participants were followed for iOAG since 1991, with intervals of approximately 5 years. A total of 170 participants developed iOAG during follow-up. Participants with iOAG were matched with healthy controls on age and sex in a case:control ratio of 1:5. The associations between food frequency questionnaire-derived diet adherences (baseline) and iOAG were analyzed using multivariable conditional logistic regression analyses. The associations between the diet adherences and intraocular pressure (IOP; a risk factor for OAG) were assessed using multivariable linear regression analyses.

RESULTS

Greater adherence to the MIND diet was associated with a decreased iOAG risk (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 0.80 [0.66 to 0.96], for each 10-percent increase in adherence). Food component analyses showed that, in particular a higher intake of green leafy vegetables, berries and fish tended to be protective for iOAG. No significant associations were observed between adherence to the Mediterranean diet or Dutch dietary guidelines and iOAG. Moreover, none of the three examined diets were associated with IOP.

CONCLUSION

Adherence to the MIND diet was significantly associated with a lower incidence of OAG in contrast to adherence to the Mediterranean diet or the Dutch dietary guidelines. As this association was IOP-independent, the MIND diet may be particularly relevant for the prevention of neurodegeneration in the eye.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK.Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Division of Human Nutrition and Health, Wageningen University & Research, PO Box 17, 6700 AA, Wageningen, The Netherlands.Department of Ophthalmology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Department of Epidemiology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Department of Ophthalmology, Radboud University Medical Center, PO Box 9101, 6500 HB, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Institute of Molecular and Clinical Ophthalmology, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.Department of Ophthalmology, Erasmus MC University Medical Center, PO Box 2040, 3000 CA, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. w.ramdas@erasmusmc.nl.

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

36123555

Citation

Vergroesen, Joëlle E., et al. "MIND Diet Lowers Risk of Open-angle Glaucoma: the Rotterdam Study." European Journal of Nutrition, 2022.
Vergroesen JE, de Crom TOE, van Duijn CM, et al. MIND diet lowers risk of open-angle glaucoma: the Rotterdam Study. Eur J Nutr. 2022.
Vergroesen, J. E., de Crom, T. O. E., van Duijn, C. M., Voortman, T., Klaver, C. C. W., & Ramdas, W. D. (2022). MIND diet lowers risk of open-angle glaucoma: the Rotterdam Study. European Journal of Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-022-03003-w
Vergroesen JE, et al. MIND Diet Lowers Risk of Open-angle Glaucoma: the Rotterdam Study. Eur J Nutr. 2022 Sep 20; PubMed PMID: 36123555.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - MIND diet lowers risk of open-angle glaucoma: the Rotterdam Study. AU - Vergroesen,Joëlle E, AU - de Crom,Tosca O E, AU - van Duijn,Cornelia M, AU - Voortman,Trudy, AU - Klaver,Caroline C W, AU - Ramdas,Wishal D, Y1 - 2022/09/20/ PY - 2022/04/05/received PY - 2022/09/07/accepted PY - 2022/9/19/entrez PY - 2022/9/20/pubmed PY - 2022/9/20/medline KW - Dutch dietary guidelines KW - Intraocular pressure KW - MIND diet KW - Mediterranean diet KW - Neurodegeneration KW - Open-angle glaucoma JF - European journal of nutrition JO - Eur J Nutr N2 - PURPOSE: To assess the association between the Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet and the incidence of open-angle glaucoma (iOAG), as well as the association between iOAG and two other well-established diets in the Netherlands, i.e., the Mediterranean diet and Dutch dietary guidelines. METHODS: In the Rotterdam Study, participants were followed for iOAG since 1991, with intervals of approximately 5 years. A total of 170 participants developed iOAG during follow-up. Participants with iOAG were matched with healthy controls on age and sex in a case:control ratio of 1:5. The associations between food frequency questionnaire-derived diet adherences (baseline) and iOAG were analyzed using multivariable conditional logistic regression analyses. The associations between the diet adherences and intraocular pressure (IOP; a risk factor for OAG) were assessed using multivariable linear regression analyses. RESULTS: Greater adherence to the MIND diet was associated with a decreased iOAG risk (odds ratio [95% confidence interval]: 0.80 [0.66 to 0.96], for each 10-percent increase in adherence). Food component analyses showed that, in particular a higher intake of green leafy vegetables, berries and fish tended to be protective for iOAG. No significant associations were observed between adherence to the Mediterranean diet or Dutch dietary guidelines and iOAG. Moreover, none of the three examined diets were associated with IOP. CONCLUSION: Adherence to the MIND diet was significantly associated with a lower incidence of OAG in contrast to adherence to the Mediterranean diet or the Dutch dietary guidelines. As this association was IOP-independent, the MIND diet may be particularly relevant for the prevention of neurodegeneration in the eye. SN - 1436-6215 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/36123555/MIND_diet_lowers_risk_of_open_angle_glaucoma:_the_Rotterdam_Study_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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