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[Persecuted and forgotten? The neurologists Kurt Goldstein and Friedrich Heinrich Lewy].
Nervenarzt. 2022 Oct; 93(Suppl 1):32-41.N

Abstract

This paper commemorates the careers and the scientific influence of the clinical neurologists Kurt Goldstein and Friedrich Heinrich Lewy including their forced migration in the mid-1930s. Goldstein (1878-1965) set up independent neurological departments in Frankfurt/Main and Berlin, adopting a decidedly holistic approach in medical care, research and teaching. He is therefore considered a co-founder of modern neuropsychology and neurorehabilitation. Goldstein came into the focus of the National Socialists as a Jew, socialist and adherent of psychotherapeutic methods. After a short incarceration he fled via Switzerland and Holland to the USA. Lewy (1885-1970) for his part specialized in neuropathological examinations and in 1912 quickly discovered the inclusion bodies in the cytoplasm of nerve cells named after him. As head of a neurological institute in Berlin with inpatient beds, he decided to leave Germany as early as 1933 and arrived after a stopover in England in the United States one year later. The biographies of the two highly innovative neurologists illustrate that career opportunities for doctors of Jewish descent were already clearly limited during the Weimar Republic and that they had to face anti-Semitic tendencies even after their arrival in the USA.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institut für Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Medizinische Fakultät und Universitätsklinikum, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Deutschland. Institut für Geschichte und Ethik der Medizin, Universität zu Köln, Medizinische Fakultät und Universitätsklinikum Köln, Joseph-Stelzmann-Str. 20, 50931, Köln, Deutschland.Institut für Geschichte, Theorie und Ethik der Medizin, Medizinische Fakultät und Universitätsklinikum, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Deutschland.Institut für Geschichte und Ethik der Medizin, Universität zu Köln, Medizinische Fakultät und Universitätsklinikum Köln, Joseph-Stelzmann-Str. 20, 50931, Köln, Deutschland. ajg02@uni-koeln.de.

Pub Type(s)

Historical Article
Journal Article
Review

Language

ger

PubMed ID

36197475

Citation

Martin, Michael, et al. "[Persecuted and Forgotten? the Neurologists Kurt Goldstein and Friedrich Heinrich Lewy]." Der Nervenarzt, vol. 93, no. Suppl 1, 2022, pp. 32-41.
Martin M, Fangerau H, Karenberg A. [Persecuted and forgotten? The neurologists Kurt Goldstein and Friedrich Heinrich Lewy]. Nervenarzt. 2022;93(Suppl 1):32-41.
Martin, M., Fangerau, H., & Karenberg, A. (2022). [Persecuted and forgotten? The neurologists Kurt Goldstein and Friedrich Heinrich Lewy]. Der Nervenarzt, 93(Suppl 1), 32-41. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00115-022-01312-3
Martin M, Fangerau H, Karenberg A. [Persecuted and Forgotten? the Neurologists Kurt Goldstein and Friedrich Heinrich Lewy]. Nervenarzt. 2022;93(Suppl 1):32-41. PubMed PMID: 36197475.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Persecuted and forgotten? The neurologists Kurt Goldstein and Friedrich Heinrich Lewy]. AU - Martin,Michael, AU - Fangerau,Heiner, AU - Karenberg,Axel, Y1 - 2022/10/05/ PY - 2022/05/05/accepted PY - 2022/10/5/entrez PY - 2022/10/6/pubmed PY - 2022/10/12/medline KW - Emigration and Immigration, history KW - Lewy bodies KW - Medicine in National Socialism KW - Neurology, history KW - Pathology, history SP - 32 EP - 41 JF - Der Nervenarzt JO - Nervenarzt VL - 93 IS - Suppl 1 N2 - This paper commemorates the careers and the scientific influence of the clinical neurologists Kurt Goldstein and Friedrich Heinrich Lewy including their forced migration in the mid-1930s. Goldstein (1878-1965) set up independent neurological departments in Frankfurt/Main and Berlin, adopting a decidedly holistic approach in medical care, research and teaching. He is therefore considered a co-founder of modern neuropsychology and neurorehabilitation. Goldstein came into the focus of the National Socialists as a Jew, socialist and adherent of psychotherapeutic methods. After a short incarceration he fled via Switzerland and Holland to the USA. Lewy (1885-1970) for his part specialized in neuropathological examinations and in 1912 quickly discovered the inclusion bodies in the cytoplasm of nerve cells named after him. As head of a neurological institute in Berlin with inpatient beds, he decided to leave Germany as early as 1933 and arrived after a stopover in England in the United States one year later. The biographies of the two highly innovative neurologists illustrate that career opportunities for doctors of Jewish descent were already clearly limited during the Weimar Republic and that they had to face anti-Semitic tendencies even after their arrival in the USA. SN - 1433-0407 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/36197475/[Persecuted_and_forgotten_The_neurologists_Kurt_Goldstein_and_Friedrich_Heinrich_Lewy]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -