Assessing the Impact of Vaginal Hysterectomy with Vaginal Mesh Attachment on Outcomes and Complications during Minimally Invasive Sacrocolpopexy.J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2023 01; 30(1):25-31.JM
To compare mesh complications and failure rates after 1 year in laparoscopic minimally invasive sacrocolpopexy (MISC) with ultralightweight mesh attached vaginally during total vaginal hysterectomy (TVH), laparoscopically if posthysterectomy (PH), or laparoscopically during supracervical hysterectomy.
Single-center retrospective cohort study.
Tertiary referral center.
Women with symptomatic pelvic organ prolapse who elected for MISC.
Laparoscopic MISC with ultralightweight mesh attached vaginally during TVH, laparoscopically if PH, or laparoscopically during supracervical hysterectomy. Composite failure was defined as recurrent prolapse symptoms, prolapse past the hymen, or retreatment for prolapse.
MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS
Between 2010 and 2017, 650 patients met the inclusion criteria with 278 PH, 82 supracervical hysterectomy, and 290 vaginal hysterectomy patients. Median follow-up was similar for all groups (382 days vs 379 vs 345; p = .31). The majority in all groups were white (66.6%), nonsmokers (74.8%), postmenopausal (82.5%), and did not use estrogen (70.3%). Mesh complications did not differ among groups (1.6% PH, 2.5% supracervical hysterectomy, 2.2% vaginal hysterectomy; p >.99). There was no difference in anatomic failure (5% PH, 1.2% supracervical hysterectomy, 2.1% vaginal hysterectomy; p = .07), reoperation for prolapse (1.4% vs 1.2% vs 0.7%; p = .57), or composite failure (9.0% vs 3.7% vs 4.8%; p = .07).
TVH with vaginal mesh attachment of ultralightweight mesh had similar adverse events, mesh exposure rates, and failure rates to those of laparoscopic PH sacrocolpopexy or supracervical hysterectomy with laparoscopic mesh attachment.