Transfer of the Resistance to Multiple Diseases from a Triticum-Secale-Thinopyrum Trigeneric Hybrid to Ningmai 13 and Yangmai 23 Wheat Using Specific Molecular Markers and GISH.Genes (Basel). 2022 12 12; 13(12)G
The middle to lower reaches of the Yangtze River are China's second largest area for wheat production; wheat disease is more serious there than in other areas because of the high humidity and warm weather. However, most cultivated varieties are susceptible to Fusarium head blight (FHB), powdery mildew, and stripe rust, and the lack of disease-resistant germplasm is an obstacle in wheat breeding. Rye and Thinopyrum elongatum, related species of wheat, carry many genes involved in disease resistance. In this study, a trigeneric hybrid, YZU21, with resistance to FHB, powdery mildew, and stripe rust was used to improve two major wheat cultivars, Ningmai 13 (NM13) and Yangmai 23 (YM23). Specific molecular markers and GISH were used to identify hybrid progenies. Five addition or substitution lines and one translocation line of the Triticum-Secale-Thinopyrum trigeneric hybrid were obtained and evaluated for agronomic traits and the resistance to multiple diseases. The results showed that the six trigeneric hybrid lines had desirable agronomic traits and improved resistance to FHB, powdery mildew, and stripe rust; they might be used as parents in wheat breeding for the resistance to multiple disease.