Potassium secretion by nonsensory region of gerbil utricle in vitro.Am J Physiol. 1987 Oct; 253(4 Pt 2):F613-21.AJ
The isolated nonsensory region of the gerbil utricle in vitro produced a lumen-positive transepithelial electrical potential difference (VT) of +5.7 mV and a luminal fluid containing 106 mM K when bathed in mammalian Ringer solution (5 mM K and 150 mM Na). The lumen of this region was perfused in vitro with K-free solution and the luminal [K], VT, and transepithelial resistance (RT) were measured before and following perfusion under control conditions and after addition of bumetanide (0.1 mM) or ouabain (1 mM) to the bath. The perfusate contained a reduced [Ca], since the average value of utricular endolymph in vivo (0.28 +/- 0.03 mM) measured with Ca-selective microelectrodes was 38% of that in perilymph. Under control conditions, the luminal [K] initially increased at a rate of 2.13 mumol X cm-2 X h-1 after perfusion; net secretion continued until the luminal [K] returned to its preperfusion level. This flux rate corresponds to 57 microA/cm2. The "equivalent short-circuit current" (Equiv. Isc; VT/RT) was found to average 61 microA/cm2. Both K secretion and VT were fully inhibited by bumetanide and by ouabain. Luminal application of Ba (5 mM) in K-free solution had no effect on the initial rate of K secretion, but did prevent full recovery of luminal [K] to the control level. These results are the first estimates of K secretion by the nonsensory cells of the utricle and are the first to directly demonstrate inhibition of K secretion in the inner ear by bumetanide and in the nonsensory tissue of the utricle by ouabain.