Epidemiological clustered characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in three phases of transmission in Jilin Province, China.PLoS One. 2023; 18(1):e0279879.Plos
The current epidemiological status of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic in China is being explored to prevent and control the localized dissemination of aggregated outbreaks. This study analyzed the characteristics of new outbreaks of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at three stages of aggregated outbreaks in Jilin Province, China, to provide a reference for the prevention and control of aggregated outbreaks. Case information were collected from all patients in Jilin Province from January 12, 2020 to the present. The epidemic was divided into three stages according to the time of onset. The first stage comprised 97 cases reported from January 12, 2020 to February 19, 2020, during which 17 aggregated outbreaks occurred. The second comprised 43 cases reported from April 25, 2020 and May 23, 2020, involving one aggregated outbreak. The third comprised 435 cases reported on January 10, 2021 and February 9, 2021, involving one aggregated outbreak. The relationship between aggregated and non-aggregated cases in the first phase of the outbreak and the difference between imported and local cases during the aggregated outbreak were assess using statistical analysis, and the differences in the baseline information between the three phases were analyzed. The incubation periods of the three phases were 10 days, 8 days, and 5 days. The number of aggregated epidemic events in Jilin Province tended to increase and then decrease over time. The clustered events in Jilin Province were divided into four categories: household contact (14 times, 51 cases); household contact and public places (one time, three cases); household contact, public places, and gatherings (one time, six cases); and household contact, public places, gatherings, and work (three times, 495 cases). Clustered events occurred mainly between January 22, 2020, and February 4, 2020. Among all cases in the first phase of the outbreak, the method of detection and the time from diagnosis to discharge were longer in aggregated cases than in non-aggregated cases, and that the source of infection and renewal cases were more frequent and more likely to be detected in the outpatient clinics during aggregated outbreaks than the imported cases. The second phase of the epidemic showed significant spatial variability (Moran's I<0, P<0.05). The third stage of the epidemic occurred in a higher proportion of individuals aged 50-90 years and within a shorter incubation period compared with the first two stages. The current focus of prevention and control of the COVID-19 epidemic in Jilin Province is to strictly implement the restrictions on gatherings and to perform timely screening and isolation of close contacts of infectious sources while strengthening the supervision of the inflow of people from outside the region. Simultaneously, more targeted prevention and control measures can be implemented for different age groups and occupations.