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Postnatal development of the inferior olivary complex in the rat: IV. Synaptogenesis of GABAergic afferents, analyzed by glutamic acid decarboxylase immunocytochemistry.
J Comp Neurol 1987; 263(4):526-52JC

Abstract

The postnatal maturation of the GABAergic innervation of the rat inferior olive was studied with an antiserum to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), the GABA-synthesizing enzyme. GAD-positive axons were present at a very low density in the periolivary and interlamellar regions of newborn rats, as well as in certain precise areas of the lamellae, at the mediodorsal limit. The immature distribution indicates that the GABAergic projections reach the inferior olive shortly before birth and that the greater part of synaptogenesis and the establishment of the adult organization occurs postnatally. Light and electron microscopic analyses disclosed that the maturation of this system of olivary afferents passes through three well-defined stages: (1) During the first, or immature stage (from PO to P5), GAD immunoreactivity is not confined to axon terminals, as in adult rats. The labeled fibers penetrate progressively into the periphery of the lamellae and reach their centers in an irregular manner by the end of the immature stage. This staggered invasion of the lamellae accentuates intraregional olivary differences and begins to take the adult configuration. As fiber penetration advances, the density of labeled axons establishing synaptic contacts increases, while the number of completely immunostained fibers decreases. This distribution prevails until the end of the immature stage and suggests that the GABAergic afferent projections remain in a "waiting compartment" from their prenatal arrival until the moment they invade the olivary parenchyma. (2). The second stage is designated as an intermediate stage of maturation and lasts from P7 to P10. During this period, GAD axoplasmic compartmentation occurs, and henceforth only axon terminals exhibit GAD immunoreactivity. Concomitantly, intraregional differences in the pattern of innervation become more marked, because of the continuing irregular distribution of the growing labeled axons. This intermediate maturational stage is also characterized by a rapid increase in labeled axon terminals bearing synaptic complexes and by the formation of complex synaptic arrangements, the protoglomeruli. From the beginning of protoglomeruli formation, GAD-positive axon terminals are one of their constituents, and they are systematically localized at the periphery of the incipient dendritic protrusions. (3) The final stage of maturation takes place from P10 to P15. During this stage, the adultlike pattern of GABAergic innervation of the inferior olive is attained. Toward P15, intraregional differences in GAD immunoreactivity are similar to those of the adult rat.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratoire de Neuromophologie, INSERM U-106, Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, Paris, France.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3667987

Citation

Gotow, T, and C Sotelo. "Postnatal Development of the Inferior Olivary Complex in the Rat: IV. Synaptogenesis of GABAergic Afferents, Analyzed By Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Immunocytochemistry." The Journal of Comparative Neurology, vol. 263, no. 4, 1987, pp. 526-52.
Gotow T, Sotelo C. Postnatal development of the inferior olivary complex in the rat: IV. Synaptogenesis of GABAergic afferents, analyzed by glutamic acid decarboxylase immunocytochemistry. J Comp Neurol. 1987;263(4):526-52.
Gotow, T., & Sotelo, C. (1987). Postnatal development of the inferior olivary complex in the rat: IV. Synaptogenesis of GABAergic afferents, analyzed by glutamic acid decarboxylase immunocytochemistry. The Journal of Comparative Neurology, 263(4), pp. 526-52.
Gotow T, Sotelo C. Postnatal Development of the Inferior Olivary Complex in the Rat: IV. Synaptogenesis of GABAergic Afferents, Analyzed By Glutamic Acid Decarboxylase Immunocytochemistry. J Comp Neurol. 1987 Sep 22;263(4):526-52. PubMed PMID: 3667987.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Postnatal development of the inferior olivary complex in the rat: IV. Synaptogenesis of GABAergic afferents, analyzed by glutamic acid decarboxylase immunocytochemistry. AU - Gotow,T, AU - Sotelo,C, PY - 1987/9/22/pubmed PY - 1987/9/22/medline PY - 1987/9/22/entrez SP - 526 EP - 52 JF - The Journal of comparative neurology JO - J. Comp. Neurol. VL - 263 IS - 4 N2 - The postnatal maturation of the GABAergic innervation of the rat inferior olive was studied with an antiserum to glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD), the GABA-synthesizing enzyme. GAD-positive axons were present at a very low density in the periolivary and interlamellar regions of newborn rats, as well as in certain precise areas of the lamellae, at the mediodorsal limit. The immature distribution indicates that the GABAergic projections reach the inferior olive shortly before birth and that the greater part of synaptogenesis and the establishment of the adult organization occurs postnatally. Light and electron microscopic analyses disclosed that the maturation of this system of olivary afferents passes through three well-defined stages: (1) During the first, or immature stage (from PO to P5), GAD immunoreactivity is not confined to axon terminals, as in adult rats. The labeled fibers penetrate progressively into the periphery of the lamellae and reach their centers in an irregular manner by the end of the immature stage. This staggered invasion of the lamellae accentuates intraregional olivary differences and begins to take the adult configuration. As fiber penetration advances, the density of labeled axons establishing synaptic contacts increases, while the number of completely immunostained fibers decreases. This distribution prevails until the end of the immature stage and suggests that the GABAergic afferent projections remain in a "waiting compartment" from their prenatal arrival until the moment they invade the olivary parenchyma. (2). The second stage is designated as an intermediate stage of maturation and lasts from P7 to P10. During this period, GAD axoplasmic compartmentation occurs, and henceforth only axon terminals exhibit GAD immunoreactivity. Concomitantly, intraregional differences in the pattern of innervation become more marked, because of the continuing irregular distribution of the growing labeled axons. This intermediate maturational stage is also characterized by a rapid increase in labeled axon terminals bearing synaptic complexes and by the formation of complex synaptic arrangements, the protoglomeruli. From the beginning of protoglomeruli formation, GAD-positive axon terminals are one of their constituents, and they are systematically localized at the periphery of the incipient dendritic protrusions. (3) The final stage of maturation takes place from P10 to P15. During this stage, the adultlike pattern of GABAergic innervation of the inferior olive is attained. Toward P15, intraregional differences in GAD immunoreactivity are similar to those of the adult rat.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS) SN - 0021-9967 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3667987/Postnatal_development_of_the_inferior_olivary_complex_in_the_rat:_IV__Synaptogenesis_of_GABAergic_afferents_analyzed_by_glutamic_acid_decarboxylase_immunocytochemistry_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&sid=nlm:pubmed&issn=0021-9967&date=1987&volume=263&issue=4&spage=526 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -