Comparative glucose utilization rates in separated and mated schistosomes.Exp Parasitol 1987; 64(3):448-57EP
The rate of phosphorylation of 2-deoxyglucose (2DG) was determined by sequential pulsing of schistosomes (Schistosoma mansoni, S. japonicum, and S. haematobium) with 3H- and 14C-labeled 2-deoxy-D-glucose. Subsequent column chromatographic separation of the neutral [3H]2DG and [14C]2DG from the 3H- and 14C-labeled 2-deoxy-D-glucose 6-phosphate permitted estimation of the quantity of [3H]2DG phosphorylated in 2 min, and the proportion of [14C]2DG phosphorylated in 1 min; thus a phosphorylation rate was determined from a single tissue sample. The relative phosphorylation rate of 2-[3H]2DG to D-1-[14C]glucose (i.e., the phosphorylation coefficient) was also measured in male and female schistosomes. It was demonstrated that even though 2DG is taken up more rapidly than glucose, it is phosphorylated at a much slower rate in both S. mansoni and S. japonicum. In both of these species, mated males phosphorylate 2DG and glucose at a greater rate than do unmated males. Similarly, mated females phosphorylate and consume more glucose than do separated females. In contrast, the phosphorylation coefficient is greater in separated than in mated schistosomes. Intraspecific comparisons suggest that, at reduced substrate concentrations, glucose utilization rates are higher in S. japonicum, intermediate in S. mansoni, and lower in S. haematobium.