LC-MS/MS method for simultaneous quantification of osilodrostat and metyrapone in human plasma from patients treated for Cushing's Syndrome.J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2023 May 10; 228:115316.JP
Steroidogenesis inhibitors such as metyrapone (MTP) and osilodrostat (ODT) have a key role in the medical treatment of endogenous Cushing's Syndrome (ECS). Both drugs are characterized by a high inter-individual variability of response and require a dose-titration period to achieve optimal control of cortisol excess. However, PK/PD data remain scarce for both molecules and a pharmacokinetically guided approach could help reaching eucortisolism more rapidly. We aimed to develop and validate a liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method for the simultaneous quantification of ODT and MTP in human plasma. After addition of isotopically labeled internal standard (IS), plasma pretreatment consisted in protein precipitation with acetonitrile including 1% formic acid (v/v). Chromatographic separation was performed on Kinetex® HILIC (4.6 × 50 mm; 2.6 µm) analytical column with an isocratic elution during the 2.0-min run time. The method was linear from 0.5 to 250 ng/mL for ODT and from 2.5 to 1250 ng/mL for MTP. Intra- and inter-assay precisions were < 7.2%, with an accuracy ranging from 95.9% to 114.9%. The IS-normalized matrix effect ranged from 106.0% to 123.0% (ODT) and from 107.0% to 123.0% (MTP) and the range of the IS-normalized extraction recovery was 84.0-101.0% for ODT and 87.0-101.0% for MTP. The LC-MS/MS method was successfully applied in patients' plasma samples (n = 36), trough concentration of ODT and MTP ranged from 2.7 ng/mL to 8.2 ng/mL and from 10.8 ng/mL to 27.8 ng/mL, respectively. Incurred sample reanalysis exhibits less than 14% difference between the first and the second analysis for both drugs. This accurate and precise method, meeting all validation criteria, can therefore be used for plasma drug monitoring of ODT and MTP within the dose-titration period.