The potential of Bacillus and Enterococcus probiotic strains to combat helicobacter pylori attachment to the biotic and abiotic surfaces.Int Microbiol. 2023 Mar 21 [Online ahead of print]IM
The prevention of biofilm formation plays a pivotal role in managing Helicobacter pylori inside the body and the environment. This study showed in vitro potentials of two recently isolated probiotic strains, Bacillus sp. 1630F and Enterococcus sp. 7C37, to form biofilm and combat H. pylori attachment to the abiotic and biotic surfaces. Lactobacillus casei and Bifidobacterium bifidum were used as the reference probiotics. The biofilm rates were the highest in the solid-liquid interface for Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium and the air-liquid interface for Bacillus and Enterococcus. The highest tolerances to the environmental conditions were observed during the biofilm formations of Enterococcus and Bifidobacterium (pH), Enterococcus and Bacillus (bile), and Bifidobacterium and Lactobacillus (NaCl) on the polystyrene and glass substratum, respectively. Biofilms occurred more quickly by Bacillus and Enterococcus strains than reference strains on the polystyrene and glass substratum, respectively. Enterococcus (competition) and Bacillus (exclusion) achieved the most inhibition of H. pylori biofilm formations on the polystyrene and AGS cells, respectively. Expression of luxS was promoted by Bacillus (exclusion, 3.2 fold) and Enterococcus (competition, 2.0 fold). Expression of ropD was decreased when H. pylori biofilm was excluded by Bacillus (0.4 fold) and Enterococcus (0.2 fold) cells. This study demonstrated the ability of Bacillus and Enterococcus probiotic bacteria to form biofilm and combat H. pylori biofilm formation.