Turmeric carbon quantum dots enhanced chitosan nanocomposite films based on photodynamic inactivation technology for antibacterial food packaging.Carbohydr Polym. 2023 Jul 01; 311:120784.CP
The increased demand for food quality and safety has led the food industry to pay urgent attention to new packaging materials with antimicrobial activity. In this study, we combined photodynamic inactivation of bactericidal technology in food packaging materials by incorporating fluorescent carbon quantum dots (CDs) prepared from the natural plant turmeric into a chitosan matrix to prepare a series of active composite food packaging films (CDs-CS). The chitosan film containing CDs had better mechanical properties, UV protection and hydrophobicity. Under irradiation with a 405 nm light source, the composite film was able to produce abundant reactive oxygen species, and the CDs-CS2 film exhibited reductions of approximately 3.19 and 2.05 Log10 CFU/mL for Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli respectively within 40 min. In cold pork storage applications, CDs-CS2 films showed inhibition of the growth of colonization in pork and retarded the spoilage of pork within 10 days. This work will provide new insights to explore safe and efficient antimicrobial food packaging.