Development of fish gelatin/carrageenan/zein bio-nanocomposite active-films incorporated with turmeric essential oil and their application in chicken meat preservation.Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2023 Jun; 226:113320.CS
Gelatin/carrageenan (Ge/Car) active packaging films incorporated with turmeric essential oil (TEO) encapsulated in zein nanoparticles (ZNP) were developed. The efficacy of these active packaging films and their antimicrobial properties were also investigated to ensure their practical application. Three different types of nanocomposite films (Ge/Car, Ge/Car/TEO, and Ge/Car/ZNP) were prepared. The characterization of the films was elucidated using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray diffraction analyses (XRD), and scanning electron microscope (SEM). Physicochemical and mechanical properties of the films were enhanced, owing to the application of TEO-containing nanocomposites. Supercritical-CO2 extracted TEO showed excellent biological activities, alongside GC-MS analysis identified that TEO contained 33 bioactive compounds where the major constituent was Zingiberene. ZNP proved an excellent carrier of TEO. The nanocomposite film sustainably released TEO, improving the shelf life of the chicken meat by reducing bacterial colonies from 3.08 log CFU/g to 2.81 log CFU/g after 14 days incubation against Salmonella enterica compared with 6.66 log CFU/g observed in the control film. The overall results of this study suggest that the nanocomposite active film is an excellent candidate for food packaging to ensure a better world.