Evaluation of the inhibitory potency of anti-dengue phytocompounds against DENV-2 NS2B-NS3 protease: virtual screening, ADMET profiling and molecular dynamics simulation investigations.J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2023 May 17 [Online ahead of print]JB
Dengue fever has been a worldwide concern, with 50-100 million new infections each year mainly due to five different serotypes of the Dengue virus (DENV). Designing a perfect anti-dengue agent that can inhibit all the serotypes by distinguishing antigenic differences is quite difficult. Previous anti-dengue researches have included chemical compounds screening against DENV enzymes. The ongoing analysis is meant for investigation of the plant-based compounds as antagonistic to DENV-2 focusing on the specific NS2B-NS3[Pro] target, a trypsin like serine protease that cuts the DENV polyprotein into separate proteins crucial for viral reproduction. Initially, a virtual library of more than 130 phytocompounds was prepared from previously published reports of plants with anti-dengue properties, which were then virtually screened and shortlisted against the WT, H51N and S135A mutant of DENV-2 NS2B-NS3[Pro]. The three top-most compounds were viewed as Gallocatechin (GAL), Flavokawain-C (FLV), and Isorhamnetin (ISO) showing docking scores of -5.8, -5.7, -5.7 kcal/mol for WT, -7.5, -6.8, -7.6 kcal/mol for the H51N, and -6.9, -6.5, -6.1 kcal/mol for the S135A mutant protease, respectively. 100 ns long MD simulations and MM-GBSA based free energy calculations were performed on the NS2B-NS3[Pro] complexes to witness the relative binding affinity of the compounds and favourable molecular interactions network. A comprehensive analysis of the study reveals some promising outcomes with ISO as the topmost compound with favourable pharmacokinetic properties for the WT and mutants (H51N and S135A) as well, suggesting as a novel anti-NS2B-NS3[Pro] agent with better adapting characters in both the mutants.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.