Detection of inherited adenylosuccinase deficiency by two dimensional thin layer chromatography of urinary imidazoles.Adv Exp Med Biol 1986; 195 Pt A:21-5AE
Patients with inherited adenylosuccinase deficiency excrete large quantities of succinyloaminoimidazolecarboxamide riboside (SAICAR) and succinyloadenosine (SAdo). A two dimensional thin layer chromatography method for the detection of SAICAR is described. The method consists of 1: isolation of imidazoles with a cation exchange resin; 2: tlc on cellulose plates, solvent I: isopropanol-ammonia 10% (4:1) and II: butanol-acetic acid-water (4:1:1); detection with Pauly reagent. SAICAR gives rise to an isolated spot with a characteristic bluish color. Also a simple one dimensional thin layer chromatography method for screening of high risk populations is given. Four new cases could be diagnosed. Clinical and chemical data, including concentrations of SAICAR and SAdo in urine, plasma and cerebrospinal fluid, determined by column chromatography, are presented.