Multi-functional konjac glucomannan/chitosan bilayer films reinforced with oregano essential oil loaded β-cyclodextrin and anthocyanins for cheese preservation.Int J Biol Macromol. 2023 Jul 31; 244:125365.IJ
In this work, a multifunctional bilayer film was prepared by solvent casting method. Elderberry anthocyanins (EA) were incorporated into konjac glucomannan (KGM) film as the inner indicator layer (KEA). β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) loaded with oregano essential oil (OEO) inclusion complexes (β-CD@OEO) was prepared and incorporated into chitosan (CS) film as the outer hydrophobic and antibacterial layer (CS-β-CD@OEO). The impacts of β-CD@OEO on the morphological, mechanical, thermal, water vapor permeability and water resistance properties, pH sensitivity, antioxidant, and antibacterial activities of bilayer films were thoroughly evaluated. The incorporation of β-CD@OEO into bilayer films can significantly improve the mechanical properties (tensile strength (TS): 65.71 MPa and elongation at break (EB): 16.81 %), thermal stability, and water resistance (Water contact angle (WCA): 88.15°, water vapor permeability (WVP): 3.53 g mm/m day kPa). In addition, the KEA/CS-β-CD@OEO bilayer films showed color variations in acid-base environments, which could be used as pH-responsive indicators. The KEA/CS-β-CD@OEO bilayer films also presented controlled release of OEO, good antioxidant, and antimicrobial activity, which exhibited good potential for the preservation of cheese. To sum up, KEA/CS-β-CD@OEO bilayer films have potential applications in the field of food packaging industry.