Androgen regulation of the androgen receptor of the quail uropygial gland: application of a [3H]mibolerone exchange assay.J Endocrinol. 1986 Jun; 109(3):299-306.JE
An exchange assay for androgen receptors in the quail uropygial gland using [3H]mibolerone was established. The most efficient exchange conditions were 3 days of incubation at 15 degrees C. Under these conditions, androgen receptors were stable in the presence of sodium molybdate, and the exchange of [3H]mibolerone with endogenous testosterone bound to cytosolic or nuclear androgen receptors was maximal. Less than 5% of [3H]mibolerone-binding sites occurred in the extracted nuclear pellets. Using this exchange technique, it was shown that androgen receptors in the uropygial gland of photostimulated male quail or castrated quail treated with testosterone were activated and that their concentrations in both cytosolic and nuclear fractions were increased. These results confirm the androgen dependency of the quail uropygial gland, and show that it is an organ which can be used as a model for the study of androgen action in sebaceous glands.