[Determination of bisphenols in sediment by accelerated solvent extraction and solid-phase extraction purification coupled with ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry].Se Pu. 2023 Jul; 41(7):582-590.SP
Bisphenols are endocrine disruptors that are characterized with bioaccumulation, persistence, and estrogenic activity. Even low contents of bisphenols can exert adverse effects on human health and the ecological environment. Herein, a method combining accelerated solvent extraction and solid-phase extraction purification with ultra performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was developed for the accurate detection of bisphenol A (BPA), bisphenol B (BPB), bisphenol F (BPF), bisphenol S (BPS), bisphenol Z (BPZ), bisphenol AF (BPAF), and bisphenol AP (BPAP) in sediments. The mass spectrometric parameters of the seven bisphenols were optimized, and the response values, separation effects, and chromatographic peak shapes of the target compounds were compared under three different mobile phase conditions. The sediment samples were pretreated by accelerated solvent extraction, and orthogonal tests were used to optimize the extraction solvent, extraction temperature, and cycle number. The results showed that the use of 0.05% (v/v) ammonia and acetonitrile as the mobile phase for gradient elution could rapidly separate the seven bisphenols on an Acquity UPLC BEH C18 column (100 mm×2.1 mm, 1.7 μm). The gradient program was as follows: 0-2 min, 60%A; 2-6 min, 60%A-40%A; 6-6.5 min, 40%A; 6.5-7 min, 40%A-60%A; 7-8 min, 60%A. Orthogonal experiments indicated that the optimal extraction conditions were as follows: extraction solvent of acetonitrile, extraction temperature of 100 ℃, and cycle number of three. The seven bisphenols showed good linearity in the range of 1.0-200 μg/L, with correlation coefficients (r) greater than 0.999, and the limits of detection were 0.01-0.3 ng/g. The recoveries for the seven bisphenols ranged from 74.9% to 102.8% at three spiking levels (2.0, 10, 20 ng/g), with relative standard deviations ranging from 6.2% to 10.3%. The established method was applied to detect the seven bisphenols in sediment samples collected from Luoma Lake and its inflow rivers. BPA, BPB, BPF, BPS, and BPAF were detected in the sediments of the lake, and BPA, BPF, and BPS were detected in the sediments of its inflow rivers. The detection frequency of BPA and BPF was 100%, and the contents of these bisphenols in the sediment were 11.9-38.0 ng/g and 11.0-27.3 ng/g, respectively. The developed method is simple, rapid with high accuracy and precision, and is suitable for the determination of the seven bisphenols in sediment.