Effects of thromboxane synthase inhibition on air emboli lung injury in sheep.J Appl Physiol (1985) 1986; 60(6):1828-33JA
We tested the effects of OKY-046, a thromboxane synthase inhibitor, on lung injury induced by 2 h of pulmonary air infusion (1.23 ml/min) in the pulmonary artery of unanesthetized sheep with chronic lung lymph fistula so as to assess the role of thromboxane A2 (TxA2) in the lung injury. We measured pulmonary hemodynamic parameters and the lung fluid balance. The concentrations of thromboxane B2 (TxB2) and 6-ketoprostaglandin F1 alpha (6-keto-PGF1 alpha) in plasma and lung lymph were determined by radioimmunoassay. Air infusion caused sustained pulmonary hypertension and an increase in pulmonary vascular permeability. The levels of TxB2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha in both plasma and lung lymph were significantly elevated during the air infusion. TxB2 concentration in plasma obtained from the left atrium was higher than that from the pulmonary artery at 15 min of air infusion. When sheep were pretreated with OKY-046 (10 mg/kg iv) prior to the air infusion, increases in TxB2 were prevented. The pulmonary arterial pressure, however, increased similarly to that of untreated sheep (1.8 X base line). The increase in lung lymph flow was significantly suppressed during the air infusion. Our data suggest that the pulmonary hypertension observed during air embolism is not caused by TxA2.