Methods used to quit vaping among adolescents and associations with perceived risk, addiction, and socio-economic status.Addict Behav. 2023 12; 147:107835.AB
Despite widespread evidence suggesting that e-cigarettes are harmful to youth, the prevalence of adolescent vaping continues to rise. The first aim of this cross-sectional study was to determine which methods adolescents have previously used to quit vaping and their interest in using various methods to quit vaping in the future. The second aim was to investigate the associations between vaping-related characteristics and (1) motivation to quit vaping and (2) previous use of pharmacological methods to quit vaping or previous use of unassisted quitting. Participants were 185 current or former vapers, aged 14-19 (M age = 16.9 years, SD = 1.1; 52% female), recruited online from different U.S. regions. Data were collected through online questionnaires. Most participants reported at least one prior attempt to quit vaping (81.3%). Unassisted quitting was the most prevalent method to quit vaping (78.4%), followed by "advice from a friend" (51.9%). Participants were interested in using a variety of methods for quitting vaping in the future, including medication (28.8%), and mobile apps (34.6%). Greater perceived harm of vaping was significantly associated with motivation to quit vaping, while greater perceived risk of addiction and higher SES were significantly associated with lifetimeuse of nicotine replacement to quit vaping. Adolescents may be open to trying methods to quit that are different from what they have used previously. These findings could help direct resources toward the development of vaping cessation programs that are acceptable to adolescents.