Ferret Models for Henipavirus Infection.Methods Mol Biol. 2023; 2682:205-217.MM
Henipaviruses are emerging zoonotic viruses that can cause outbreaks of severe respiratory and neurological disease in humans and animals such as horses. The mechanism by which these viruses can cause disease remain largely unknown and to date there are no therapeutics or vaccines approved for use in humans. Nipah virus is listed on the World Health Organization R & D Blueprint list of epidemic threats. In order to advance the availability of effective therapeutics and vaccines and medicines that can be used to save lives and avert large scale crises, animal models are required which recapitulate the disease progression in humans. Ferrets are highly susceptible to infection with henipaviruses and develop both severe respiratory and neurological disease. Therefore, the ferret model is highly suitable for studies into both the pathogenesis of henipaviruses, as well as pre-clinical evaluation of intervention strategies.