Nucleotide sequence of the malate dehydrogenase gene of Thermus flavus and its mutation directing an increase in enzyme activity.J Biol Chem. 1986 Oct 25; 261(30):14178-83.JB
The nucleotide sequence of the malate dehydrogenase (mdh) gene from a thermophilic bacterium, Thermus flavus, was determined. The amino acid sequence of the Thermus malate dehydrogenase resembled that of the porcine heart cytoplasmic enzyme to a certain extent, and Asp-159 and His-187 were identified as possible essential residues for the catalytic function. The mutated mdh gene was also cloned from a spontaneous mutant of T. flavus containing a higher activity of the enzyme. Its mutation point was determined to be a single nucleotide exchange from C to T which caused Thr-190 to be substituted by isoleucine. The mutated enzyme showed resistance to substrate inhibition, an increase in both kcat and Km, and a shift toward a more acid optimum pH for the enzyme reaction.