Nail psoriasis dynamics during biologic treatment and withdrawal in patients with psoriasis who may be at high risk of developing psoriatic arthritis: a post hoc analysis of the VOYAGE 2 randomized trial.Arthritis Res Ther. 2023 09 15; 25(1):169.AR
Nail psoriasis is a common, physiologically, and psychologically disruptive, and yet often under-treated manifestation of psoriasis. The objectives of this analysis were to investigate the trajectory of nail psoriasis, a risk factor for psoriatic arthritis (PsA), with guselkumab vs adalimumab treatment followed by withdrawal, and determine characteristics associated with nail response in patients treated with guselkumab.
This post hoc analysis of the phase III trial VOYAGE 2 included patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis and baseline nail involvement. Nail Psoriasis Severity Index (NAPSI) and Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI) were analyzed through week 48 in patients randomized to guselkumab or adalimumab. Multiple logistic regression analyzed factors associated with NAPSI 0/1 at week 24/week 48 following guselkumab treatment. In a separate analysis, patients were stratified by prior biologic experience.
Overall, 272 vs 132 patients receiving guselkumab vs adalimumab had nail psoriasis at baseline. Lower baseline NAPSI and week 16 PASI were associated with achieving NAPSI 0/1 at week 24 (NAPSI, odds ratio 0.685 [95% confidence interval: 0.586, 0.802]; week 16 PASI, 0.469 [0.281, 0.782]) and week 48 (NAPSI, 0.784 [0.674, 0.914]; week 16 PASI, 0.557 [0.331, 0.937]) with guselkumab. Previous biologic experience did not impact NAPSI response. Following treatment withdrawal at week 28, mean NAPSI was maintained in the guselkumab arm (week 24 1.7, week 48 1.9) and increased slightly in the adalimumab arm (week 24 1.4, week 48 2.3). Mean PASI increased across both treatment arms.
Higher skin efficacy at week 16 was associated with better nail responses during guselkumab treatment. Nail psoriasis improvements reflected skin improvements. Following guselkumab withdrawal, nail response was maintained longer than skin response. Future studies should investigate whether such improvements in nail response reduce patients' risk of later PsA development.
ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02207244. Registered July 31, 2014.