Pharmacologic characterization and functional role of muscarinic autoreceptors in the rabbit striatum.J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1987 Jan; 240(1):203-15.JP
The objectives of the present studies were 1) to pharmacologically characterize the muscarinic autoreceptors in the striatum and 2) to examine their role in the regulation of physiologic acetylcholine (ACh) release. Schild plots were generated for atropine and pirenzepine against oxotremorine-induced inhibition of [3H]ACh release. Atropine, a nonselective antagonist, yielded a pA2 of 8.92. The pA2 for pirenzepine, a purported M1-selective antagonist, was 7.14. Both Schild plots had slopes not significantly different from one. Four agonists [oxotremorine, carbachol (CARB), McN-A-343 and pilocarpine] were tested for their effectiveness in inhibiting [3H]ACh release. McN-A-343 and pilocarpine have been reported to be selective for M1 receptors. Oxotremorine and carbachol were effective and potent inhibitors of [3H] ACh release, whereas McN-A-343 and pilocarpine were weak. Although the existence of muscarinic receptor subtypes remains an open question, these data are consistent with the "low" pirenzepine affinity (M2) subtype. Chronic treatments (14 days) with several agents were carried out (in vivo) to assess the role of muscarinic autoreceptors in the regulation of physiologic ACh release. Scatchard analyses of binding studies with [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate were also performed to assess changes in the muscarinic receptor population in the striatum. Chronic treatment with scopolamine caused a 100% increase in the Bmax for [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate binding but had no effect on the sensitivity of [3H]ACh release to inhibition by CARB. Fourteen-day treatment with physostigmine (3 mg/kg) produced a decrease in the sensitivity of [3H]ACh release to CARB plus a 42% decrease in Bmax and a 48% decrease in Kd for [3H]quinuclidinyl benzilate binding. Chronic haloperidol treatment caused an increase in the sensitivity of [3H]ACh release to CARB accompanied by a 46% increase in Bmax for 3H quinuclidinyl benzilate binding. These data suggest that muscarinic autoreceptors in the striatum do not regulate physiologic ACh release in the presence of intact acetylcholinesterase and that the interaction of dopaminergic and cholinergic neurons in the striatum may not be simple trans-synaptic inhibition.