A comparison of retrosigmoid IAC, retrolabyrinthine, and middle fossa vestibular neurectomy for treatment of vertigo.Laryngoscope. 1987 Feb; 97(2):165-73.L
A new procedure, the retrosigmoid internal auditory canal (IAC) vestibular neurectomy has been developed and presented. It involves a 3-cm retrosigmoid craniotomy removing the posterior wall of the IAC to the singular canal, with transection of the superior vestibular nerve and posterior ampullary nerve. This produces a complete denervation of the vestibular labyrinth and preserves the patient's hearing. All ten patients with Meniere's disease had their vertigo cured. Hearing was preserved to within 11 dB of the preoperative pure tone average in 9 of 10 cases. There were no serious complications, no cases of facial paralysis, and no cases of total hearing loss. These results compare favorably with the MFVN and the RVN. The retrosigmoid IAC vestibular neurectomy is an important improvement in the evolution of vestibular neurectomy for the treatment of vertigo.