Syndrome of camptodactyly, ankyloses, facial anomalies, and pulmonary hypoplasia (Pena-Shokeir syndrome): obstetric and ultrasound aspects.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1985 Jun 01; 152(3):303-7.AJ
Two siblings with Pena-Shokeir syndrome are described. This syndrome consists of polyhydramnios, intrauterine growth retardation, short umbilical cord, perinatal death, facial abnormalities, limb abnormalities including arthrogryposis, and lethal pulmonary hypoplasia. The mode of inheritance is most likely autosomal recessive. Prenatal diagnosis was made in the second pregnancy with ultrasound performed at 26 weeks' gestation. The roles of fetal akinesia and fetal apnea in the production of the various manifestations of the syndrome are detailed, and the possibility of early prenatal diagnosis is considered.