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A clinical approach to common electrolyte problems: 4. Hypomagnesemia.
Can Med Assoc J 1985; 132(4):360-8CM

Abstract

Magnesium plays a critical role in many cell functions. Hypomagnesemia may occur because of decreased intake or absorption, internal redistribution or increased loss of this element through either renal or nonrenal routes. Manifestations of magnesium deficiency include alterations in calcium, phosphate and potassium homeostasis along with cardiac disorders such as malignant ventricular arrhythmias refractory to conventional therapy, enhanced sensitivity to digoxin and, possibly, coronary artery vasospasm and sudden death. Other features of magnesium deficiency include a host of neuromuscular and neuropsychiatric disorders. In this review we detail mechanisms that may lead to magnesium deficiency, summarize the clinical features of the deficiency and provide a clinical approach to the diagnosis and treatment of this electrolyte disorder.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3918779

Citation

Berkelhammer, C, and R A. Bear. "A Clinical Approach to Common Electrolyte Problems: 4. Hypomagnesemia." Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 132, no. 4, 1985, pp. 360-8.
Berkelhammer C, Bear RA. A clinical approach to common electrolyte problems: 4. Hypomagnesemia. Can Med Assoc J. 1985;132(4):360-8.
Berkelhammer, C., & Bear, R. A. (1985). A clinical approach to common electrolyte problems: 4. Hypomagnesemia. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 132(4), pp. 360-8.
Berkelhammer C, Bear RA. A Clinical Approach to Common Electrolyte Problems: 4. Hypomagnesemia. Can Med Assoc J. 1985 Feb 15;132(4):360-8. PubMed PMID: 3918779.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A clinical approach to common electrolyte problems: 4. Hypomagnesemia. AU - Berkelhammer,C, AU - Bear,R A, PY - 1985/2/15/pubmed PY - 1985/2/15/medline PY - 1985/2/15/entrez SP - 360 EP - 8 JF - Canadian Medical Association journal JO - Can Med Assoc J VL - 132 IS - 4 N2 - Magnesium plays a critical role in many cell functions. Hypomagnesemia may occur because of decreased intake or absorption, internal redistribution or increased loss of this element through either renal or nonrenal routes. Manifestations of magnesium deficiency include alterations in calcium, phosphate and potassium homeostasis along with cardiac disorders such as malignant ventricular arrhythmias refractory to conventional therapy, enhanced sensitivity to digoxin and, possibly, coronary artery vasospasm and sudden death. Other features of magnesium deficiency include a host of neuromuscular and neuropsychiatric disorders. In this review we detail mechanisms that may lead to magnesium deficiency, summarize the clinical features of the deficiency and provide a clinical approach to the diagnosis and treatment of this electrolyte disorder. SN - 0008-4409 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3918779/A_clinical_approach_to_common_electrolyte_problems:_4__Hypomagnesemia_ L2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmid/3918779/ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -