Lymphocyte function in recurrent aphthous ulceration.J Oral Pathol. 1985 Sep; 14(8):592-602.JO
Lymphocyte blast transformation responses to mitogens and to streptococcal, adenovirus Type 1, and oral mucosal antigens were studied in 32 patients with recurrent aphthous ulceration (RAU) and matched control subjects. RAU patients showed significantly depressed (p less than 0.05) responses to mitogens in comparison with matched controls, but there was no significant difference between patients and controls in response to any of the antigens tested. These results indicate that neither cell-mediated hypersensitivity to streptococcal or viral antigens nor cross-reactivity between oral mucosal and streptococcal antigens are likely to play a role in the pathogenesis of RAU. Rather, the data support the hypothesis of an imbalance or defect in immune cell subpopulations.