Antigen presentation by interferon-gamma-treated endothelial cells and fibroblasts: differential ability to function as antigen-presenting cells despite comparable Ia expression.J Immunol. 1985 Dec; 135(6):3750-62.JI
The effect of interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) on endothelial cell (EC) and fibroblast (FB) class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) gene product expression and antigen presenting ability was examined. Control FB did not express class II MHC gene products, whereas a small (less than 1%) population of passaged EC expressed class II gene products. IFN-gamma induced a comparable density of HLA-DR expression on nearly all EC and FB. IFN-gamma-treated EC and FB also expressed HLA-DP but at a lower density, whereas HLA-DQ expression was barely detectable on either cell type. Control FB were not able to stimulate allogeneic T4 cell DNA synthesis or function as antigen-presenting cells (APC). Control EC were also unable to stimulate allogeneic T4 cell DNA synthesis unless large numbers of stimulator cells were used. Small numbers of IFN-gamma-treated EC were able to stimulate allogeneic T4 cell DNA synthesis, whereas larger numbers were markedly more effective than control EC. In contrast, IFN-gamma-treated FB were ineffective stimulators of allogeneic T4 cell DNA synthesis. IFN-gamma-treated FB were able to present the exogenous antigen SKSD to autologous but not allogeneic T4 cells, but they were extremely inefficient APC. The inability of IFN-gamma-treated FB to function as APC could not be explained by FB-mediated immunosuppression, Ia density, or HLA-DQ expression. This limited capacity of IFN-gamma-treated FB to participate in Ia-restricted functional interactions with T4 cells correlated with a similar diminished capacity to support nonspecific mitogen-induced proliferation of T4 cells before IFN-gamma-induced Ia expression. This accessory cell function was not enhanced by IFN-gamma treatment. Monocytes syngeneic to the responding T4 cells but not interleukin 1 (IL 1) permitted IFN-gamma-treated FB but not control FB to stimulate allogeneic T4 cell DNA synthesis, but they remained markedly less effective stimulators than monocytes. Moreover, IFN-gamma-treated FB were effective stimulators of alloprimed T4 cells, in contrast to their inability to stimulate fresh T4 cells. Furthermore, monocytes and IFN-gamma-treated FB were comparably effective stimulators of alloreactive T cell lines. These data suggest that accessory cells perform functions unrelated to Ia and IL 1 that are necessary for mitogen-, alloantigen-, and antigen-induced proliferation of freshly isolated T cells. Monocytes and EC effectively perform this function, but FB do not. This accessory cell function does not seem to be as important for the activation of primed T cells.