The external artificial pancreas: an instrument to induce remissions in severe recent juvenile diabetes. Comparison with a preprogrammed insulin infusion system.Horm Metab Res Suppl. 1979HM
Remission of juvenile insulin-dependent diabetes is a rare, temporary, and partial phenomenon which seems to be related to an improvement of the residual insulin secretion supported by prompt and rigorous insulin therapy. Thus, remissions allowing the replacement of insulin by oral drugs were attempted in 23 insulin dependent ketotic juvenile diabetics (age 10 +/- 2 years) of recent onset (apparent duration of diabetes 71 +/- 5 days) treated by an external artificial pancreas during 5 +/- 1 days and compared with 10 control diabetics treated by a less effective technique (preprogrammed insulin pump without feedback control) during 6 +/- 1 days. 18 (78%) remissions of long duration (1-26 months) occurred after artificial pancreas compared with 3 (30%) in the control group. Measurement of daily urinary C-peptide excretion confirmed the improvement of the residual insulin secretion in patients with insulin-induced remissions. Thus, the excellent blood glucose control given by an artificial pancreas seems necessary to lead to much more frequent remissions of diabetes than usually reported.