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Nutrient intakes of formula-fed infants and infants fed cow's milk.
Pediatrics. 1985 Feb; 75(2):343-51.Ped

Abstract

Twenty-four-hour dietary intake data from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II), 1976-1980, were analyzed to compare nutrient intakes among infants 7 to 12 months of age who were fed mixed diets containing solid foods and either infant formula or cow's milk. Solid foods fed to the infants in both groups were low in iron and linoleic acid, and high in sodium, potassium, and protein, relative to Recommended Dietary Allowances. Infants who were fed cow's milk received lower median intakes of iron (7.8 mg v 14.9 mg), linoleic acid (1.8 g v 6.1 g), and vitamin C (39 mg v 64 mg), and higher median intakes of protein (41 g v 25 g), sodium (1,000 mg v 580 mg), and potassium (1,630 mg v 1,020 mg) than formula-fed infants. Seventy-five percent of the infants fed cow's milk had iron intakes below the Recommended Dietary Allowance; 69% had sodium intakes above the range of estimated safe and adequate daily dietary intake. Linoleic acid provided less than 3% of energy intake for 74% of the infants fed cow's milk. Differences in nutrient intakes were due not only to different concentrations of nutrients in each of the milk feedings but also to the different amounts and types of solid foods fed to the two groups of infants.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3969338

Citation

Montalto, M B., et al. "Nutrient Intakes of Formula-fed Infants and Infants Fed Cow's Milk." Pediatrics, vol. 75, no. 2, 1985, pp. 343-51.
Montalto MB, Benson JD, Martinez GA. Nutrient intakes of formula-fed infants and infants fed cow's milk. Pediatrics. 1985;75(2):343-51.
Montalto, M. B., Benson, J. D., & Martinez, G. A. (1985). Nutrient intakes of formula-fed infants and infants fed cow's milk. Pediatrics, 75(2), 343-51.
Montalto MB, Benson JD, Martinez GA. Nutrient Intakes of Formula-fed Infants and Infants Fed Cow's Milk. Pediatrics. 1985;75(2):343-51. PubMed PMID: 3969338.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Nutrient intakes of formula-fed infants and infants fed cow's milk. AU - Montalto,M B, AU - Benson,J D, AU - Martinez,G A, PY - 1985/2/1/pubmed PY - 1985/2/1/medline PY - 1985/2/1/entrez SP - 343 EP - 51 JF - Pediatrics JO - Pediatrics VL - 75 IS - 2 N2 - Twenty-four-hour dietary intake data from the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES II), 1976-1980, were analyzed to compare nutrient intakes among infants 7 to 12 months of age who were fed mixed diets containing solid foods and either infant formula or cow's milk. Solid foods fed to the infants in both groups were low in iron and linoleic acid, and high in sodium, potassium, and protein, relative to Recommended Dietary Allowances. Infants who were fed cow's milk received lower median intakes of iron (7.8 mg v 14.9 mg), linoleic acid (1.8 g v 6.1 g), and vitamin C (39 mg v 64 mg), and higher median intakes of protein (41 g v 25 g), sodium (1,000 mg v 580 mg), and potassium (1,630 mg v 1,020 mg) than formula-fed infants. Seventy-five percent of the infants fed cow's milk had iron intakes below the Recommended Dietary Allowance; 69% had sodium intakes above the range of estimated safe and adequate daily dietary intake. Linoleic acid provided less than 3% of energy intake for 74% of the infants fed cow's milk. Differences in nutrient intakes were due not only to different concentrations of nutrients in each of the milk feedings but also to the different amounts and types of solid foods fed to the two groups of infants. SN - 0031-4005 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3969338/Nutrient_intakes_of_formula_fed_infants_and_infants_fed_cow's_milk_ L2 - http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=3969338 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -