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The rhythmic structure of mother-infant interaction in term and preterm infants.
Child Dev. 1985 Feb; 56(1):15-27.CD

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to quantify social interaction rhythms in 3- and 5-month-old term and preterm infants and their mothers. Infant-mother dyads were videotaped in a 3-min face-to-face paradigm. For each second of the interaction, separate scores were assigned to infant and mother indicating levels of affective involvement, creating 2 180-sec time series. Spectral and cross-spectral techniques were used to quantify periodicities in each member of the dyad and to estimate the synchrony or coherence of interactional rhythms between each infant and mother. Results showed the existence of periodicities in the behavior of each infant and mother at 3 and 5 months, with most subjects showing spectral peaks between .022 and .10 Hz. Increases from 3 to 5 months in behavioral periodicities were found for infants and mothers as well as for the coherence between infant-mother dyads. Term dyads showed higher coherence than preterm dyads at both 3 and 5 months. Term infants more often led the interaction at both ages. These results were taken as evidence that behavioral periodicities, which may be biologically based, underlie early mother-infant interaction and provide a temporal structure for the organization of cognitive and affective experience. Differences in synchrony between term and preterm infants may explain later reported differences in language between these groups.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

3987400

Citation

Lester, B M., et al. "The Rhythmic Structure of Mother-infant Interaction in Term and Preterm Infants." Child Development, vol. 56, no. 1, 1985, pp. 15-27.
Lester BM, Hoffman J, Brazelton TB. The rhythmic structure of mother-infant interaction in term and preterm infants. Child Dev. 1985;56(1):15-27.
Lester, B. M., Hoffman, J., & Brazelton, T. B. (1985). The rhythmic structure of mother-infant interaction in term and preterm infants. Child Development, 56(1), 15-27.
Lester BM, Hoffman J, Brazelton TB. The Rhythmic Structure of Mother-infant Interaction in Term and Preterm Infants. Child Dev. 1985;56(1):15-27. PubMed PMID: 3987400.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The rhythmic structure of mother-infant interaction in term and preterm infants. AU - Lester,B M, AU - Hoffman,J, AU - Brazelton,T B, PY - 1985/2/1/pubmed PY - 1985/2/1/medline PY - 1985/2/1/entrez SP - 15 EP - 27 JF - Child development JO - Child Dev VL - 56 IS - 1 N2 - The purpose of this study was to quantify social interaction rhythms in 3- and 5-month-old term and preterm infants and their mothers. Infant-mother dyads were videotaped in a 3-min face-to-face paradigm. For each second of the interaction, separate scores were assigned to infant and mother indicating levels of affective involvement, creating 2 180-sec time series. Spectral and cross-spectral techniques were used to quantify periodicities in each member of the dyad and to estimate the synchrony or coherence of interactional rhythms between each infant and mother. Results showed the existence of periodicities in the behavior of each infant and mother at 3 and 5 months, with most subjects showing spectral peaks between .022 and .10 Hz. Increases from 3 to 5 months in behavioral periodicities were found for infants and mothers as well as for the coherence between infant-mother dyads. Term dyads showed higher coherence than preterm dyads at both 3 and 5 months. Term infants more often led the interaction at both ages. These results were taken as evidence that behavioral periodicities, which may be biologically based, underlie early mother-infant interaction and provide a temporal structure for the organization of cognitive and affective experience. Differences in synchrony between term and preterm infants may explain later reported differences in language between these groups. SN - 0009-3920 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/3987400/The_rhythmic_structure_of_mother_infant_interaction_in_term_and_preterm_infants_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/prematurebabies.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -