[A case of bilateral ureteral triplication].Hinyokika Kiyo. 1985 Mar; 31(3):475-81.HK
Ureteral triplication is a rare congenital anomaly of the urinary tract, although ureteral duplication is rather common. Bilateral ureteral triplications are even rare anomalies. A five-year-old girl with a history of urinary tract infection and episodes of fever and lower abdominal pain was admitted to our hospital for further examination of microscopic hematuria. An excretory urogram (IVP) revealed bilateral 3 pelves and ureters, and cystoscopic examination showed 2 ureteral orifices on each side. Both sides of bilateral ureteral triplications in our case belonged to type B of Smith's classification. Ureteral triplication was first reported by Wraný in 1870. Since then 84 cases have been reported and among them 3 cases had bilateral ureteral triplications. In this article, the classification and the development of ureteral triplication are reviewed briefly.