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Plasma lipid and lipoprotein response of humans to beef fat, coconut oil and safflower oil.
Am J Clin Nutr 1985; 42(2):190-7AJ

Abstract

This study's purpose was to evaluate the fasting human plasma lipid and lipoprotein responses to dietary beef fat (BF) by comparison with coconut oil (CO) and safflower oil (SO), fats customarily classified as saturated and polyunsaturated. Nineteen free-living normolipidemic men aged 25.6 +/- 3.5 yr consumed centrally-prepared lunches and dinners of common foods having 35% fat calories, 60% of which was the test fat. The test fats were isocalorically substituted, and each fed for five weeks in random sequences with intervening five weeks of habitual diets. Plasma total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations among individuals follows the same relative rank regardless of diet. Triglycerides (TG) concentrations among individuals also maintain their relative rank regardless of diet but in a different order from that of the cholesterols. Plasma TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C responses to BF were significantly lower and TG higher than to CO. As compared to SO, BF produced equivalent levels of TG, HDL-C, and LDL-C and marginally higher TC. Thus, the customary consideration of BF as "saturated" and grouping it with CO appears unwarranted.

Authors

No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

4025191

Citation

Reiser, R, et al. "Plasma Lipid and Lipoprotein Response of Humans to Beef Fat, Coconut Oil and Safflower Oil." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 42, no. 2, 1985, pp. 190-7.
Reiser R, Probstfield JL, Silvers A, et al. Plasma lipid and lipoprotein response of humans to beef fat, coconut oil and safflower oil. Am J Clin Nutr. 1985;42(2):190-7.
Reiser, R., Probstfield, J. L., Silvers, A., Scott, L. W., Shorney, M. L., Wood, R. D., ... Insull, W. (1985). Plasma lipid and lipoprotein response of humans to beef fat, coconut oil and safflower oil. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 42(2), pp. 190-7.
Reiser R, et al. Plasma Lipid and Lipoprotein Response of Humans to Beef Fat, Coconut Oil and Safflower Oil. Am J Clin Nutr. 1985;42(2):190-7. PubMed PMID: 4025191.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Plasma lipid and lipoprotein response of humans to beef fat, coconut oil and safflower oil. AU - Reiser,R, AU - Probstfield,J L, AU - Silvers,A, AU - Scott,L W, AU - Shorney,M L, AU - Wood,R D, AU - O'Brien,B C, AU - Gotto,A M,Jr AU - Insull,W,Jr PY - 1985/8/1/pubmed PY - 2001/3/28/medline PY - 1985/8/1/entrez SP - 190 EP - 7 JF - The American journal of clinical nutrition JO - Am. J. Clin. Nutr. VL - 42 IS - 2 N2 - This study's purpose was to evaluate the fasting human plasma lipid and lipoprotein responses to dietary beef fat (BF) by comparison with coconut oil (CO) and safflower oil (SO), fats customarily classified as saturated and polyunsaturated. Nineteen free-living normolipidemic men aged 25.6 +/- 3.5 yr consumed centrally-prepared lunches and dinners of common foods having 35% fat calories, 60% of which was the test fat. The test fats were isocalorically substituted, and each fed for five weeks in random sequences with intervening five weeks of habitual diets. Plasma total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations among individuals follows the same relative rank regardless of diet. Triglycerides (TG) concentrations among individuals also maintain their relative rank regardless of diet but in a different order from that of the cholesterols. Plasma TC, HDL-C, and LDL-C responses to BF were significantly lower and TG higher than to CO. As compared to SO, BF produced equivalent levels of TG, HDL-C, and LDL-C and marginally higher TC. Thus, the customary consideration of BF as "saturated" and grouping it with CO appears unwarranted. SN - 0002-9165 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/4025191/Plasma_lipid_and_lipoprotein_response_of_humans_to_beef_fat_coconut_oil_and_safflower_oil_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/ajcn/42.2.190 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -