Significance of antral pH for gastrin release by insulin hypoglycemia in duodenal ulcer patients.Surgery. 1979 Nov; 86(5):707-13.S
The significance of antral pH for the basal serum level of immunoreactive gastrin and for the release of gastrin during insulin hypoglycemia has been studied in duodenal ulcer (DU) patients. To permit paired comparisons, 14 DU patients underwent two or three tests with insulin. Venous blood samples were collected at fixed intervals for determination of gastrin (radioimmunoassay). In the first insulin test, the gastric juice was aspirated; in the second test, the stomach was perfused with citrate-phosphate buffer, pH 7.0; and in the third test the stomach was perfused with 0.1M HCl, pH 1.0. The rate of buffer or acid perfusion was adjusted, and the pH of the perfusate was kept above 5.0 and below 1.3, respectively. Gastric perfusion with buffer or acid for 1 hour did not affect the basal serum gastrin level, nor did perfusion with buffer for 3 hours. Insulin hypoglycemia stimulated acid secretion and produced a significant integrated serum gastrin response during gastric aspiration, but the gastrin response was four times greater during buffer perfusion. Acid perfusion abolished the gastrin response. From our previous and present findings, it is concluded that the gastrin in serum during basal conditions is of extra-antral origin and is independent of antral pH. Insulin hypoglycemia releases antral gastrin by a pH-sensitive mechanism in DU patients; the release is suppressed at pH 1.3 or less and also is markedly inhibited when the gastric juice is aspirated.