Selective inhibitory interactions of alkoxymethylenedioxybenzenes towards mono-oxygenase activity in rat-hepatic microsomes.Xenobiotica. 1985 May; 15(5):369-79.X
A series of eight 4-n-alkoxymethylenedioxybenzene (AMDB) derivatives were evaluated for their inhibitory effects on several mono-oxygenase reactions and their capacity to form metabolite complexes with cytochrome P-450 in vitro in hepatic microsomes from phenobarbital (PB)-and Beta-naphthoflavone (Beta NF)-induced rats. Ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase in Beta NF-induced microsomes and aminopyrine N-demethylase in PB-induced microsomes were most susceptible to inhibition by the test compounds. In contrast, aldrin epoxidation and arylhydrocarbon hydroxylase in PB-and Beta NF-induced microsomes, respectively, were not inhibited by derivatives of AMDB. All AMDB derivatives elicited spectral complexes with cytochrome P-450, the characteristics of which were influenced by the microsomes employed and by the length of the AMDB alkoxy side-chain. Derivatives containing short-chain alkoxy substituents (C1 to C3) formed unstable metabolite complexes and generated substantial quantities of carbon monoxide (CO), those with intermediate length alkoxy groups (C4 to C6) generated little CO and rapidly formed intense spectral complexes (large delta A max), and those with the largest alkoxy groups (C7 and C8) formed no CO and elicited complexes of high stability. Quantitative structure-activity analyses showed that the biological data could be described by parabolic equations in II, the hydrophobic constant of the alkoxy substituent, and suggested the importance to AMDB interactions of a lipophilic-binding region at the active centre of the cytochrome P-450. The alkoxy chain length for optimal mono-oxygenase inhibition and complex formation with cytochrome P-450 appeared to be about five or six carbon atoms. The data suggest that the capacity of AMDB compounds to form stable inhibitory complexes with cytochrome P-450 may not always be associated with their ability to inhibit mono-oxygenase activity.