Sibs with the fetal akinesia sequence, fetal edema, and malformations: a new syndrome?Am J Med Genet. 1985 Jun; 21(2):271-7.AJ
Pena and Shokeir [J Pediatr 85:373-375. 1974] first described a syndrome characterized by multiple ankyloses, camptodactyly, facial anomalies, and pulmonary hypoplasia, which was later termed Pena-Shokeir I syndrome. Recent evidence suggests that a more accurate designation for this condition is the fetal akinesia sequence, which is almost certainly a heterogeneous entity. We describe sibs who were diagnosed as having Pena-Shokeir I syndrome but who did not have the muscular or anterior horn cell changes characteristic of other infants with the fetal akinesia sequence. In addition, both sibs had fetal edema, the first sib had coarctation of the aorta, and the second had polydactyly and thyroid hypoplasia. We suggest that this case provides further evidence for heterogeneity in the fetal akinesia sequence and may represent a provisionally unique syndrome.