Nerve entrapment of the foot and ankle in runners.Clin Sports Med. 1985 Oct; 4(4):753-63.CS
In the 10 years 1972 through 1982, the senior author performed 21 operations on 15 runners with persistent foot and ankle pain. The operative procedures involved decompression of peripheral nerves in the foot and ankle, consisting of release of soft tissues in the tarsal tunnel and foot or removal of abnormal bony excrescences that were irritating these nerves. All 15 runners had good to excellent results and all returned to their preinjury running status, including the competitive athletes. Foot and ankle pain is best treated conservatively, but when signs and symptoms culled from a careful history and physical examination reflect a nerve entrapment syndrome, surgical intervention has its place in the armamentarium of the surgeon.