[Clinical picture and differential diagnosis of the nephrotic crisis].Ter Arkh. 1985; 57(6):46-9.TA
The nephrotic crisis, a grave complication of the nephrotic syndrome (NS) with a possible progress to the hypovolemic shock, was observed in 62 (6.2%) out of 1000 patients with the NS of different etiology (chronic glomerulonephritis, lupus nephritis, amyloidosis and other nephropathies). The main clinical symptoms of different stages of the nephrotic crisis are described, namely of the abdominal painful crisis, migrating erysipelas-like erythemas and the hypovolemic shock (collapse). The spectrum of diseases requiring the differential diagnosis with the nephrotic crisis is established. The complex of measures for the prophylaxis and treatment of the nephrotic crisis is proposed.